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 Christina and Donald McLEAN from Scotland 1837



Ewen (Hugh the younger) b1836 MCLEAN

Ewen (Hugh the younger) b1836 MCLEAN

Male 1836 - 1921  (85 years)

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  • Name Ewen (Hugh the younger) b1836 MCLEAN  [1
    • The BRB (p8) states "As can be seen from this list there are two Ewens but no Hughs yet both are the children of Donald and Christina, (nee McPhee). It would seem that to Donald, the name Ewen and Hugh were the same, as in his Will of 1846 he refers to his son-in-law Ewen McDonald as Hugh McDonald of Finniss."
    Nickname Hugh the younger 
    Born 26 May 1836  Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    • Kilmallie Parish is in Argyllshire in Scotland. Argyllshire and Inverness boundaries altered in 1888
    Christened 26 May 1836 
    Gender Male 
    Biography Notes Homepage menu-SMALL PRINT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    For inheritance of part of 57 Hindley St - see E51 in Small Print. 
    Biography Notes STRATHALBYN: Our oldest resident, Mr Hugh McLean had the misfortune to stumble, whilst approaching his home on Saturday afternoon last, falling heavily and breaking an arm He was attended to by Dr Formby, and is getting on well. Mr. McLean is very advanced in years, being one of the earliest settlers here, his family, with that of the Rankines, pioneering this district.
    (Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser, 6th May 1921, p3 
    Biography Notes There were a couple of court cases - in 1855 & 1858:-
    In 1855 - Local Courts, Mount Barker: Wednesday, February 14, 1855 Full jurisdiction before Francis Davison, Esq., Stipendiary Magistrate; Robert Davennort and Frederick May, Esqs.
    * "Christine McLean, a septnagenerian wife of Donald McLean, appeared to answer the complaint of Annie Macbean and Catherine Macbean, of the same place for having violently assaulted them with a stick. Mr Andrews defended; and in cross-examination elicited that one of the ladies was enciente by a son of the defendant, and that the defendant on becoming aware of the fact ordered the frail one never to come on her premises again. That the evening in question the lady did, in defiance of the defendant's injunctions, come on her premises. The charge was, however, clearly proved, and the defendant was fined £2 and costs." (South Australian Register, 21st February 1855, p3)

    In 1858 - Local Courts - Strathalbyn, Wednesday 31st March 1858, before F Davidson, John Walker and EG Sealey esqs:
    * "Affiliation case - A case of this description brought by Anne McBean against Hugh McLean jun, was dismissed in consequence of an informality in the information. Mr Price for the defendant" (South Australian Register, 2nd April 1858, p3).
    * "McBean Vs McLean - Information for neglecting to support an illegitimate child. The information was dismissed, on account of an informality in laying it" (Adelaide Times, 10th April 1858, p2).

    COMMENTS by Don Gordon on 8th Nov 2018:
    * The 1855 newspaper item has Christina in her 70s (ie born between 1775 and 1785) whereas we have a possible OPR for a birth on 28th April 1787 which would make Christina 67 years at the time of the court. The BRB (p7) had her born in 1791 in which case she would have been born about 64 years old at the time of the court. But maybe the reporter was just using the term septuagenerian as another way of saying that she was old.
    * Donald was 75 years old and he died 8 months later.
    * At that time, all of the children of Donald and Christina had married and only Hugh (19 years old) was unmarried and still living at Auchananda's with his parents.
    * Annie McBean (McBain) - was a live-in servant at Auchananda's and was born in 1838 (BRB p532) so was 16 or 17 years old.
    * Catherine was probably Annie's sister (they migrated together in 1853).
    * The reference to being 'enciente' by a son of the defendant indicates that she was pregnant to Hugh - thus their child, Donald, must have been born sometime in 1855. The reference to 'frail one' indicates that the pregnancy was well advanced, so Donald might have been born in the first half of that year.
    * Christina was probably against the relationship between Annie and Hugh - certainly she was against the pregnancy. Maybe she was blaming Anne more than Hugh. She had made Ann leave the house, but Ann and her sister came back, and so she hit them with a stick. It must have been quite a scene.
    * GUESSTIMATE ONLY; Ann probably raised Donald herself because the 1858 court case indicates that Hugh was neglecting to help financially. However there must have been a strong continuing connection with Christina as evidenced when she made special provisions for him in her Will. Maybe she had an important role in his care despite her initial opposition to the pregnancy. He was about 12 years old when she made her Will in April 1867, and 14 yrs when she died two years later.
    * In the 1858 newspaper item, Ann unsuccessfully tried TWICE (legal process rejected:not heard) to get Hugh to contribute to the support of their illegitimate child.
    * Subsequently, Annie married Charles McSween in 1859 and Hugh married Margaret Tannahill in 1862. There is no mention of adapting or adopting in either the the birth parents marriage records.
      [4
    Biography Notes 00 Oct 1855  Homepage menu-SMALL PRINT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Extensive,evidence,persuasive narrative in SMALL PRINT MENU on HOME PAGE MENU
     
    Biography Notes 11 Oct 1855  Homepage menu-SMALL PRINT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    DETAILS of Hugh the Younger, entitlement, from Donald McLean G91 & G92 at Homepage menu-SMALL PRINT  
    Residence 30 Apr 1862  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Ancestry report 29/5/2019 Australian Marriage Index. Identifies marriage or Hugh McLean and Margaret Tannahill on 30 Apr 1862Reg Strathalbyn Page No284/ Volume No50.  
    Biography Notes 9 Dec 1920  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    (JOTTINGS; From JW Elliott's Jottings in Southern Argus on 9th December 1920, p3)
    Amongst those of the 'old hands' Mr Sloan asked me about was Mr Hughie McLean, and while I was writing the beginning of this sheet of paper that very old resident actually passed by my window, reminding me that he is now the 'last link' left of the strong chain of sturdy pioneers who formed the settlement of Strathalbyn, the only one left of all who held the first Xmas festival, humble though it was, where now this nourishing and beautiful town bears witness to their fine work of blazing , the way for civilization in the south. The Rankines came here in 1837, Glenbarr, then Blackwood, then Meadowbank being the first holdings established, the McLeans owning the latter, arriving here soon after the Rankines. Their holding was a large one, and for many years they were leading men in advancing the growth and prosperity of the settlement. Of the McLean sons, Allan retained Meadowbank, Hugh had a holding where Mr Allison now resides, and John went to Angas Plains (later named Maplemore after warboat), Hughie, who alone survives giving up farming many years ago. In 1838 or 39, I can't find out which year it was, but it was one of these two, Little Hughie, then a tiny prattler, took his part, if a small one, in what was doubtless a wonderful affair to his childish mind, if indeed that mind was old enough to observe anything at all, for near where the school room now stands there was conducted with all ceremonial rites the feast of Hogmany, the welcoming of the new year a ceremony observed in far-off 'Auld Scotland' amid the ice of snow and winter but in this 'new land of Australia' in the fierce heat of a semi-tropical summer day and night, everything in utter contrast. Of all who gathered at that historic event, over which Dr. John Rankine presided, not one is left to tell the tale save old Hughie McLean and what he can tell is naturally only hearsay, for he was too young to retain any lasting impressions of the memorable event, at which were gathered practically all the residents within many miles of this centre. And, alas, the time must inevitably come when he too will pass on to join the band of those fine old colonists to whom we of to-day owe so much! Well, it must come, nothing can avert the blow when it falls, but for though the old pioneers is 'stricken' with the years and his strength, is but a little, he is mentally bright as ever, apparently good for a few more years yet, and I hope that in the coming Xmas festivities he may be able to have his part and be able to tell those around him something of that first Xmas of his in Australia eighty odd years ago.

    (From JW Elliott's Jottings in Southern Argus on 9th December 1920, p3)
     
    Died 5 Jun 1921  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 7
    Buried Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Person ID I-5310  Christina and Donald McLean | Ewen (Hugh the younger) McLean's descendants
    Last Modified 3 Feb 2021 

    Father Donald b1779 MCLEAN,   b. 26 Sep 1779, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Oct 1855, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Relationship -1 
    Mother Christina b1787 MCPHEE,   b. 28 Apr 1787, Crieff Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1869, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Relationship -1 
    Married
    • Assumed handfasted or/&...12months and one day as was the practise....see https://englishhistoryauthors.blogspot.com/2016/11/handfasting-in-scotland.html
      Summary cc
      Handfasting rituals, especially in Scotland, has long been surrounded by mythical images of couples binding their hands and even drawing blood to form a trial marriage that would last one year, after which, the couple could in mutual consent, stay together or part. The real ritual.... There was no need for witnesses (ONLY STRENGTHENED the proof) or the consent of the parents. There was no need for a priest. .... Two people could exchange vows and that was enough. There was no need for banns or a mass to bless the marriage, just two people consenting. It wasn?t even necessary to have sexual intercourse, the marriage was binding. This legal position was made from about 1200 onwards with the support and direction of the Church.
      In Scotland there was a third type of marriage called ?marriage by habit and repute.? This was a marriage established when a couple lived together as if married and presented themselves to society as married; a kind of common law marriage. .....
      Like elsewhere, in Scotland, divorce wasn?t possible. A couple were married for life...It wasn?t until the Scottish Reformation in 1560 that divorce and remarriage became possible.
      The common process for a marriage in the late medieval time up until the Reformation included a betrothal, a proclamation of the banns and consent in the present tense.... Though the Church and the law recognized clandestine marriages (marriages made without witnesses and the usual Church presence) they did everything they could to discourage them. ...With the Reformation many Protestant.....In 1563 the Roman Catholic Church ...... Since Scotland became a Protestant country in 1560.... So both Scottish civil law and the Church essentially kept what made a marriage unchanged. ...The only changes were to permit divorce and remarriage and a reduction in the degrees of consanguity.....By the 18th century,....the civil law continued to support it and that remained unchanged until 1940.
      Though the civil law essentially remained the same the cultural customs surrounding marriage did change over the 4 centuries between the Scottish Reformation and 1940. Handfasting fell away about the late 17th century or.....?

      In the late 18th century a kind of a myth arose around handfasting,.....and it continued on until the 20th century and eventually became incorporated in the neo-Pagan rituals still practiced today.
    Children of marriage * OPRs: We have found birth records (OPRs) for all the 12 children, except for Margaret.
    * Naming: There were Ann X 2, Mary X 2 & Hugh (Ewen) X 2. The first Mary & first Ann died as infants whereas the Hughs survived to adulthood and are diffentiated by being referred to as 'the elder' or 'the younger'.
    * Mother: The mother is variously recorded as Christian X 5, Christn, Christy, Catharine X 2, Mary, and Effie (or Essie). The records with Catherine, Mary & Effie are probably original clerical errors and we are confident that they are 'our' family because the birth place is specified as Duisky in each of these cases - and the father was Donald of course.
    * Place: All the births were in the parish of Kilmallie. The first 4 births are specified as Blaich and all the later births were at Duisky.
    1. Allan McLean - baptism 12th Feb 1811 in Blaich - Son to Donald McLean in Blaich & Christian McPhee in Blaich
    2. Mary McLean - baptised 24th Jan 1813 in Blaich - Baptism on 24th Jan 1813 - McLean, Mary daughter of Donald & Christn McPhee - Blaich
    3. Ewen McLean - baptized 27th January 1814 - Son of Don'd & Christian McPhee, Blaich
    4. John McLean - born 1st Feb 1816, baptized 2nd Feb 1816 - Son of Donald, Blaich & Christian McPhie his spouse
    5. Mary McLean - baptized on 5th Apr 1818 in Duisky - Baptism of daughter to Donald MacLean Duisgy and Catharine MacPhee
    6. Anne McLean - baptized 18th Feb 1820 - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky and Catharine MacPhee
    7. Archibald McLean - baptised 4th March 1821 - Son to Donald MacLean in Duisgi and Effie (or Essie?) MacPhee
    8. Ann MacLean - born 6th April 1823 in Duisky - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky & Mary McPhee his wife
    9. Rachel McLean - born 13th Feb 1825 in Duisky - 1825 Baptisms - Feb 13 - Rachel dau to Donald McLean in Duisky & Christian McPhee, born 6th
    10. Margaret - probably born in 1827 in Duisky. No OPR has been found - this is surprising because she is the only one of 12 siblings whose birth was apparently not registered.
    11. Jane (Jeane) McLean - born 18th April 1830, baptized 16th May 1830 in Kilmallie - 1830 Baptisms May 16th, Jeane daughter to Donald McLean tenant in Duskey Ardgour & Christion McPhee, born the 18th April last
    12. Ewen McLean - born 26th May 1836 in Duisky - Ewen son of Donald McLean & Christy McPhee in Duisky
    * (This note was by Don Gordon on 12th April 2019.) 
    Children of marriage In addition to the 12 children accepted as 'our' family, some researchers have proposed 4 others:-
    * RICHARD: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [research: Which ones?], but this might not be based on the authentic record. There are no other indications of this Richard in colonial records (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). However there is a Richard listed with the family in the 1841 census for Strathalbyn (BRB p13) but this is considered to be a clerical error (check this) as it should have been Rachel. He is not mentioned in Donald's will.
    * ELIZABETH: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [Barry Leadbeater & Dianne Cummings) but this might not be based on the authentic record - it might have been added later. It is stated that she was born in 1835 or 1836, and died in 1907. There are no other indications of this Elizabeth in colonial records. (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). In fact there might be confusion with Elizabeth DIXON who was the second wife John McLean - she was born in England in 1835, migrated in 1858, married John in 1874, and so was known as Elizabeth McLean when she died in Strathalbyn in 1907. Donald's Will makes no mention of anyone called Elizabeth.
    * HUGH: BRB p8 "The persistent inclusion of a Donald and a Hugh McLean who arrived in 1840 by ship 'Tomatin' must be an error. The listed children are the same 10 who were listed on the ship when their emigrating parents, and all appear in the father's Will. These two may have been nephews. If they were of an earlier marriage of Donald, he had three sons named Hugh which is carrying things a bit far as to names! There is a family story that 'two sons were sent to Venezuela to look for farming possibilities' referring of course to the Donald and Hugh on the 'Tomatin' of 1840. Then not discovering anything suitable followed on to SA. Nothing further is known of them although two of the same name were at Naracoorte in the South East quite early, and the names of the families were the same as those of the Donald McLeans. They were not mentioned in Donald McLean's Will." And the BRB p544 has, in 1864 "Hugh McLean of the ship 'Tomatin' of 1840 and his wife Elizabeth (nee Scott) were staying at 'Ardgour Cottage' in Strathalbyn with Hugh the Younger and Margaret. According to a 'Register' newspaper of Adelaide a little daughter of Elizabeth and this particular Hugh McLean, died at 'Ardgour Cottage' on 23/7/1864. She was named Mary and was aged 2 years & 2 months. This has caused some confusion concerning the deaths of the two infants. The Hugh of the 'Tomatin' must certainly have been kin to the Strathalbyn McLeans, but certainly not a third son of Donald & Christina, named Hugh".
    * DONALD: See the quote for Hugh, above (BRB p8).
    (This note was by Don Gordon on 30th July 2018). 
    Family ID F-1  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Ann MCBEAN/MCBAIN,   b. 24 Oct 1838, North Uist Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1912, Adelaide SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Children 
     1. Donald MCBAIN OR MCLEAN,   b. 00 Feb 1855, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  []
    Last Modified 1 Jun 2019 06:01:27 
    Family ID F-1734  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret TANNAHILL,   b. 15 Sep 1839, Paisley Renfrewshire Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Apr 1891  (Age 51 years) 
    Married 30 Apr 1862  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Christina McFee MCLEAN,   b. 17 Apr 1863, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Mar 1926, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     2. Margaret MCLEAN,   b. 13 Apr 1864, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Apr 1864, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)  []
    +3. Robert Tannahill MCLEAN,   b. 29 Jan 1865, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Feb 1931, Adelaide SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)  []
     4. Hugh MCLEAN,   b. 5 Oct 1866, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1929, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)  []
     5. John James Frazer MCLEAN,   b. 1 Aug 1868, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Feb 1938, Merredin WA emailed merredin shire10.03.2021 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)  []
     6. David MCLEAN,   b. 1 Jun 1870, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Nov 1949, Wallaroo SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)  []
     7. Jeff MCLEAN,   b. 7 Feb 1873, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1906, Broken Hill NSW Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years)
     8. Elizabeth Ann MCLEAN,   b. 9 Dec 1874, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Nov 1948, Merredin WA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)  []
     9. Jane Ann MCLEAN,   b. 29 Jan 1877, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Dec 1878, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)  []
     10. Jemima Adam Tannahill MCLEAN,   b. 3 Aug 1878, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Mar 1879, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 28 May 2016 13:52:01 
    Family ID F-1740  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    0578 - Christina & James Keough with Hugh McLean.jpg
    0578 - Christina & James Keough with Hugh McLean.jpg
    Plaque - Hugh McLean (the younger) with wife Margaret Tannahill & their 2 youngest children Jane & Jemima
    Plaque - Hugh McLean (the younger) with wife Margaret Tannahill & their 2 youngest children Jane & Jemima
    This plaque was painted by Pat Long (nee Loder) who is a descendant of Hugh (the younger) McLean.

    Documents

    BDM 1870 BIRTH David McLean on 1st June 1870 in Strathalbyn SA to Hugh McLean & Margaret, nee Tannahill.pdf
    WW - Hugh (the younger) McLean's purchase of part of 2605 in 1862.
    WW - Hugh (the younger) McLean's purchase of part of 2605 in 1862.
    On 1st Aug 1862, Hugh purchased, for 233 pounds & six shillings & 6 pence of part of Country Section 2605. It was 25 acres on the southern end of 2605, excluding 2 acres for Donald’s family burial ground.
    Ewen McLean - baptised 26 May 1836 in Duisky
    Ewen McLean - baptised 26 May 1836 in Duisky
    Son of Donald McLean and Christy McPhee.
    Source: OPR Baptisms and births in Kilmallie Parish.
    Ewen's baptism is entered in the baptism column and a date is not provided for the birth date (others have). Could it have been that he was baptised on the same day as he was born?
    Land purchased by Hugh-the-younger - parts of 2603 & 2605 in 1862
    Land purchased by Hugh-the-younger - parts of 2603 & 2605 in 1862
    Hugh the younger purchased these properties from Richard Livett Lander and Richard Stephens on 11th August 1862 for £233/6/6. The farmland of section 2605 was about 70 acres, but excluded a two-acre family burial ground. The part of section 2603 was 25 acres in the south eastern part of the section which included the Auchananda's house where Hugh-the-younger had been living for most of his life. He was 25 years old when he married three months before purchasing Auchananda's. He moved to 'Ardgour House' a year or so later.

    SMALL PRINT
    J23 - Edwin McLean's letter in 1946
    J23 - Edwin McLean's letter in 1946
    This letter was probably to Edwin's cousin, Rachel Hornby. He alludes to Rachel's parents (Catherine & Allan McLean), her brothers (Allan & Jack 'JSD'), uncle (Hugh the younger), aunty (Elizabeth Ann & Mathew Johnston) and the Keoughs.
    With notes by Don Gordon in June 2021.


    STORIES
    5203 - Hugh (the younger) McLean & Margaret Tannahill
    5203 - Hugh (the younger) McLean & Margaret Tannahill
    Descendants of Hugh the younger - biography as published in the BRB in 1995.

  • Sources 
    1. [S-3] BRB 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995 copies available, Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. .

    2. [S-121] Family Search.org -------C & D McLean, family search.org requires log in free, 3 Feb 2021 Researcher Lorna McLean.
      EVIDENCE; GS Film Number 1041070 Digital Folder Number 007908473
      Indexing Project (Batch) Number C11520-4 System Origin ODM Citing this Record "Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950", database, FamilySearch https: //familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XYZN-HVV : 11 February 2020), Ewen McLean, 1836.

    3. [S-121] Family Search.org -------C & D McLean, family search.org requires log in free, 3 Feb 2021 Researcher Lorna McLean.
      Ewen McLean Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950 Ewen McLean Event Type: Christening Event Date: 26 May 1836
      Event Place: Kilmallie, Argyll, Scotland, United Kingdom
      Event Place (Original):Kilmallie, Argyll, Scotland Father's Name:Donald McLean Mother's Name: Christy McPhee

    4. [S-75] http://www.genealogysa.org.au requires login, https://www.genealogysa.org.au requires log in , 9 Jul 2019 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
      also cross checked with Trove records and relevant dates and screen captures are retained for details. Furthermore marriages of both birth parents reflect children born after both marriages to other persons but no sign of adoption.

    5. [S-52] http://ancestry.com.au, ancestry requires login, 25 June 2021 Lorna McLean.
      see details attached

    6. [S-63] NEWSPAPER TROVE Southern Argus SA, Jottings in Southern Argus on 9th Dec 1920, page 3.

    7. [S-75] http://www.genealogysa.org.au requires login, https://www.genealogysa.org.au requires log in , 9 Jul 2019 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
      Hugh MCLEAN Death Date: 05 Jun 1921 Gender: M Age: 85y Approx. Birth Year: 1836 Marital Status: M Residence: Strathalbyn SA Death Place: Strathalbyn SA District: Strathalbyn Ref/Page: 446/326
      The only reaason I (researcher; Lorna McLean) accepted this entry is because of the match to the source BRB written by my uncle-Alfred Parker Mclean in 1996

    8. [S-3] BRB 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995 copies available, Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. .
      Grave 1/82 Strathalbyn Cemetery SA