...do YOUR families link back to first South Australian wheat growers?
Christina and Donald McLEAN from Scotland 1837
1830 - 1886 (56 years)
||Jane MCLEAN  |
- Her OPR has her name as Jeane.
||18 Apr 1830
||Duisky Scotland 
- The BRB (p518) has her baptized on 16th Aug 1830 whereas Edwin MacLean had her born 16th May 1830. In fact, her OPR has her born on 18th April 1830 and baptized 16th May 1830.
||16 May 1830
- The BRB (p518) has "JANE McLEAN - baptised on 16/8/1830 at Kilmallie, Argyllshire. 9th child of Donald and Christina (nee McPhee) McLean". However her OPR has her baptized on 16th May 1830.
||Donald Henry McLean (b 1854) when interviewed by JW Elliott in Jottings in 1918 said, "Mrs John (Jean) Cheriton, a sister of the McLean brothers, drove off with "Young Lochinvar" and they married before anyone could catch up with them. (John Cheriton, was barely 20 years old, so the objection would have been on account of his youth, as he was well educated and intelligent). However it turned out a happy union for all parties, fulfilling the Old Scots adage - "best is the wooin' that's nae lang adoin", and most of the McLeans were practical believers in the sentiment of it, not excepting the Donald who was born at Angas Plains.|
(From Southern Argus, 27th June 1918, p3) 
||Father's Will - see Donald McLean's profile for details in Donald's will in which Jane was a beneficiary. |
||For inheritance of part of 57 Hindley St - see E51 in Small Print. |
|HISTORY: Some reminiscences of John, of his arrival at Strathalbyn were published in the "Southem Argus" of 17/5/1906 (writing in response to suggestions for a large weir on the River Angas):-|
"I wish to state my impressions of 57 years since I left Adelaide in a rickety spring cart for Strathalbyn. I arrived at the top of the hill this side of Rankine's Creek (later Doctors Creek after Dr John Rankine). I was struck by the magnificence of the view of the plains, lakes and belts of timber and scrub that I saw before me, and thought it a veritable "Land of Goshen". On I came, timber before me, timber to right and left of me, until I arrived at about where High Street is now where on the right was a thatched hut, and in front an unpretentious stone building that I found out afterwards was the Scotch Kirk ("church"). We drove down the Peninsular and crossed a dry bed of the Angas as it is now called, to the store and Post Office kept in a room about 6 by 8 feet, the Postmaster living in a room adjoining of smaller dimensions still, built of wattle and daub with a paling roof, in fact with the exception of the Kirk and the Hotel (later to be the "Terminus" and built by Donald Gollan, but the first "hotel" on the site consisted of a thatched roof resting on 4 poles with a tarpaulin drawn around) there was not a stone building in the township.
We went from the store to the hotel, the host of which sent a blackfellow with me to my destination, a two storeyed building, a glimpse of which I had caught sight of before entering the township, (Note by E.M.S.: This was "Glenbarr" built by William Rankine 1842, but at the time the upper story had attic rooms and only c1874 became the present two storeys of today). I do not intend to write the story of my life but one little episode is I think, worth recording.
There was a service held at the Kirk on Sabbath days. but not every Sabbath if I remember rightly. I dressed myself in my best and went to church; it was a surprise to myself and to those in attendance, and I can assure you I was looked at more than the minister. All wondered who l could possibly be; some said one thing, some another, but they all agreed I was "a perfect gentleman".
A title I trust I have not forfeited during my residence among you. My surprise was that I expected to see a lot of well dressed men and women at the service but instead the men wore moleskin trousers and blue shirts with cabbage tree hats, not all, but the greater proportion; the women wore print dresses and sun bonnets, or bonnets of a similar shape. This fact however, did not detract or hide their blooming faces from sight as do the monstrous abortions of the present day (1906).
I forgot to mention my dress - it was a blue frock coat, satin waist-coat, blue cloth trousers, silk tie, white shirt and bell topper hat. It was the first and last time I went to church dressed so elaborateIy". (Although two publications give his age on arrival as 18, his obituary says 20).
An article from "Descriptive Australian and Federal Guide" of 1890 in telling John Cheriton's story gives that soon after his arrival he resumed his former occupation as farmer, at Strathalbyn, where he was employed at ten shillings ($1) per week, and his highest wage being one pound ($2). There is no indication as to where he and Jane lived after their 1849 marriage. In 1851 he left her with a baby daughter and went by water (boat) to the Victorian goldfields according to the article and was absent for 3 months, but went again and in all spent 9 months at the diggings and did well the 2nd time. His name is listed with those who consigned their gold to the mounted trooper escorted wagon from Mt Alexander and Castlemaine under Police Commissioner Alexander Tolmer in March 1852.
By the time of John's return:land for sale was available at Belvidere and Angas Plains and his first purchase was 142 acres at 4 pounds 10 shillings per acre ($9). He increased his land to 2500 acres on the left side of the Milang Road going from Strathalbyn, halfway between Belvidere and Angas Plains. He was a member of the first Bremer District Council of October 1854 and was Chairman for many years. By this time there were 69 gazetted owners in the area. He and Jane built their house on Section 2762 and 4 generations farmed John's selection between 1853 and 1938. The house was at first "Field View Cottage" then became "Field View Lodge".
June 1855: He put to the Bremer Council a memorial that Section 2760 Angas Plains be reserved for a school, church and cemetery.
March 5th 1856: he won first prize for fruit at the agricultural show held at Strathalbyn. (The Rankine Diary).
Oct. 27, 1857: (also the diary) Matthew Rankine, canvassing the district for donations towards the enlarging of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Strathalbyn wrote that John Cheriton was offended by being asked. (Matthew could not have taken into account that John was Anglican).
Aug. 2, 1858: Matthew and John amicably together had full charge of the district ploughing matches.
1861 Lake Plains School was built on the bank of the Bremer on a half acre given by John Cheriton (and opened 1864) for the benefit of the children of that area. (The Angas Plains School land was given by Archie McLean and John Cheriton was one of the first three Trustees with his brother-in-law John McLean).
In 1861 M. Rankine complained that his neighbour, Cheriton, allowed his cattle to break into the Rankine wheat.
10/3/1865 - John went canvassing for the election on behalf of John Dunn and James Rankine. He was taking an interest in public affairs and was appointed a Justice of the Peace that year. In the November at the Milang school annual examinations for the S.A. Council of Education. John Cheriton together with the Rev. C. D. Watt was an examiner, showing that he had been well educated at Exeter, Devonshire.
He was an enthusiastic supporter of the horse tram which opened from Goolwa in 1856 to Port Elliot then in 1869 was begun from Strathalbyn with a grand opening on April 23rd by the then Governor Sir James Fergusson who drove a dray with four grays up from Adelaide. Speeches were made at the "Terminus" Hotel at Strathalbyn followed by 200 persons riding in the tram trucks to Pt Elliot and Victor Harbor and no doubt the Cheritons were foremost on this gala occasion.
1867 John had been appointed an executor of the Will of his mother-in-law Christina McLean with Strathalbyn solicitor James Bonnar (she died 1869). In that year (1869) he was elected to Parliament and represented Mt Barker District until 1872 in the House of Assembly being elected 3 times. His chief object was to obtain a reform to enable farmers and others to purchase land directly from the Government. In this he was successful. He advocated Protection only to Colonial produce and industry. He disapproved of Boards and considered that land should be classified and left open for purchase.
At public meetings, dinners and banquets John seemed invariably to be Chairman and his name in this capacity appeared many times in the "Southern Argus". In this newspaper on 13/8/1874 he thanked the residents of the district for their support for his sale. He had become the town auctioneer and for a time farmed also. He was soon prominent as auctioneer at clearing sales at Belvidere, Angas Plains and Strathalbyn with many advertisements in the "Southern Argus". He apparently left the farm at Belvidere to his only son, another John, when the latter married as soon after he built on Lot 18 at the corner of Murray and Chapel Streets, Strathalbyn and continued this business on into the new century.
On 1/12/1881 Cheriton was chairman of the committee to arrange a banquet to be held on the 20th at the Institute Hall in honour of the passing of the railway Bill. He had been an enthusiastic supporter of the proposal to extend the railway from Adelaide from Mt Barker on to Strathalbyn. He also took the Chair at the banquet (gentlemen only of course). The menu consisted of oyster and mock turtle soup - lamb, turkey pigeon pie, sucking pig, roast chicken, York ham, goose, ox tongue, duckling, roast beef, saddle of mutton, with dressed salad. The sweet courses were - tri wine jelly, strawberry cream, meringues, lemon sponges, French pastries, rhubarb and gooseberry tart, cherries, walnuts, preserved fruits and olives followed by coffee. The wine list included - hock, sherry, champagne, claret, port, Foster's Ale, Guinness Porter, brandy, whisky, and aerated waters. If they did not all suffer bilious attacks next day it was not for a want of trying"!
DEATH: of Jane Cheriton (nee McLean). At her residence Murray Street, Strathalbyn on 10/10/1886 aged 56 years.
OBITUARY: in the "Southern Argus"The late Mrs Cheriton. lt is with very deep regret that we have to announce the death of our highly esteemed townswoman, wife of Mr John Cheriton, J.P. at the comparatively early age of 56. Mrs Cheriton was a very early colonist having arrived in the "Navarino" in 1837 with her father, Mr Donald McLean and his family, she being the youngest daughter. Mr McLean with the late Mr William Rankine who took up the Strathalbyn survey and came to reside here about 1842 (error - 1841) - since which time Mrs Cheriton has lived here, her marriage to Mr Cheriton having taken place some 7 years later in November 1849. The deceased lady was not only the oldest resident here but one of the oldest colonists, one of the fast thinning ranks of those who came prior to 1840. She was always of a quiet and retiring nature but made many friends. and what plenty are unable to do, kept them until her death. She leaves behind her a mourning husband, a son and a daughter besides 6 grandchildren and 4 brothers and 4 sisters. The cause of death was cancer, a disease she had suffered from for several years and for which she underwent a very severe operation about two years ago, obtaining only temporary relief. She died at sunset on Sunday and the funeral took place on the following day when a very large procession of moumers followed her remains to their last earthly resting place, her death being a source of grief to a large circle of friends and relatives. We need scarcely say that deep sympathy is felt for the bereaved ones."
As the house was (and still is) on the corner of Murray and Chapel Streets Strathalbyn SA it is referred to by both. Such as (from Nancy Gemmell's book): In Chapel Street John Cheriton built a house, on leaving the farm at Belvidere, and canted on business as an actioneer. Next to him lived H Bonnar. He continued as Chairman at many functions such as at the farewell banquet in 1890 when the Postmaster left. In the "Southern Argus" dated 20/6/1901 (when John was aged 72 it was announced that he was retiring from auctioneering).
16/8/1906: FOR SALE, at Strathalbyn corner of Murray and Chapel Streets, a most desirable residence, well built stone house, galvanised iron roof, contains ten rooms with cedar gas laid on, large verandah, underground and galvanised iron tanks, stabling for 8 horses, men's and chaff rooms, coach house and other outbuildings, garden with fruit trees and vines. - J. Cheriton.
The next owner was C. D. McFarlane (junior) and after that the Scott family. Where John lived next is not known to E.M.S. Both John and Matthew Rankine died in 1917 and in the "Southern Argus" Jottings column by J.W.E. he wrote 1- "Mr Rankine and Mr Cheriton took a keen interest in this column and many times the former supplied me with information on subjects l wished to write about which happened before the publication of this paper, and as sometimes he was not fully aquainted with the particular matter for he lived away from the town for some years, he would occasionally be a little out in his facts, in which case my other living encyclopedia Mr Cheriton would chuckle and tell him that his memory was failing him. Sometimes vice-versa it would be Mr Cheriton who had given me a slightly incorrect version of a happening, and then it would be Mr Rankine's turn
to laugh. "Silly old man, tell him it must be his memory that wants refreshing."
||21 Nov 1849
||Belvidere SA 
|Notes of:Married Belvidere farmer John Cheriton. |
|Section 2623, Strathalbyn There was a dispute about a property that Jane, Margaret and Rachel had inherited from their father who had died the year before. |
In November 1856 there was a court case over ownership of 75 acre Section 2623 by Mr Shorney and Mr Thrum against Jane, Margaret & Rachel. These three women were named as beneficiaries in their father's Will, so they inherited 2623 and other properties. Rachel had said that her father had brought it at a land sale. Rachel's husband (Ewen McDonald) swore that Donald had told him, as far back at 1848, that the farming property belonged to the three daughters. It had "lain open" for some time after it was purchased, so Shorney and Thrum "took possession" of it - probably the south-eastern portion. They were leasing it and paying rent to Donald. They had been living and improving the farm for 4 or 5 years.
They argued that "This is a case of great hardship. The defendant holds under a lease with right to purchase from Mr MacLean whose title he could not suppose required investigation. Five years labour have been expended on the land which has now greatly increased in value".
The dispute was presented to the Supreme Court and the Chief Justice accepted that the women were technically the owners because they held the land grant, but it was suggested that there should be a compromise to compensate Shorney and Thrum. It was suggested that the compensation could be paid out of Donald's estate.
Interestingly, because the three woman had got married after being named as beneficiaries, their husbands joined them in this dispute, after presenting proof of their marriages. It was the practice in that era, that husbands, rather than wives, should own property.
SUPREME COURT - Civil Side
Macdonald And Others v. Skorkney
Mr Gwynne for the plaintiffs; Mr Bakewell for the defendant.
This was an action of ejectment to recover possess on of Section 2623, Angas Special Survey, near Strathalbyn. The case for the plaintiffs rested simply on the production of a land grant to Rachel Maclean, Margaret Maclean, and Jane Maclean. Mr Gwynne submitted that the husbands of those grantees were entitled to possession during coverture, even against their wives. He called, to prove the marriages, Ewen Macdonald, who stated that he was married to Rachel Maclean in December, 1847.
By Mr Bakewell - Had heard his wife say that her father bought the section in question at a land sale. He heard of his right to that property shortly after his marriage. The section had lain open for some time after it was purchased; at last Messrs Shorney and Thrum took possession of it. He supposed that he knew when they took possession, and be was aware that they lived upon it. He first objected to their living on it about five or six months ago. Before that time he made no objection. He delayed so long in asserting his right because there was one of the plaintiffs (James Keating) out of the colony, That was the reason why he did not interfere with the defendant's occupation of the land. Did not know that the defendant had been paying rent all along to his late father-in-law. D Maclean died about 12 months ago. Would swear that so far back as 1848 he was told by his father-in-law that the section in question belonged to his three daughters. He was not aware that his father-in-law had leased the section. He knew that Thrum and Shorney were upon it, but never interfered with them until within the last six months.
By Mr Gwynne - Could not tell exactly what portion of the section Shomey occupied. Believed it was the eastern portion. His (witness's) wife was of age when he married her.
John Cheriton, farmer, on the Angas, stated that he was married to Jane Maclean in November, 1848. She was one of the ladies mentioned in the land grant. The defendant had been in possession of the south-eastern portion of the section for four or five years.
By Mr Bakewell - The diggings sprang tip about the time the daughters were, all married, and the parties entitled were not until lately, all in the colony at the same time. He first saw the land grant produced after the death of Mr Maclean. He knew that he was entitled to his share in the land before Mr Maclean died. Knew that Shorney was in possession of the land, but knew nothing, of a lease to him from the late Mr. Maclean.
The Chief Justice, on ascertaining that the defendant held under such a lease, suggested that there should be a compromise.
Mr Bakewell - This is a case of great hardship. The defendant holds under a lease, with right of purchase, from Mr Maclean, whose title he could not suppose required investigation. Five years labour has been expended on the land, which has now greatly improved in value.
Mr Gwynne admitted that the defendant had a right to look to the estate for compensation. The question, however, in the plaintiffs' family was whether the compensation should come from the plaintiffs or the estate generally. There was no probability of an agreement in the family, and the only way to settle the matter was on its legal merits. The estate of the late Mr Maclean was quite equal to meet any damage which the defendant had sustained.
The Chief Justice said there really was no defense against the land grant, but he thought it would be advisable to join the wives with their husbands as plaintiffs in the action, and also to come to some compromise
Mr Gwynne would, if His Honor pleased, make the amendment suggested, as the plaintiffs' wives were in attendance.
The Jury then, under direction, returned a verdict for the plaintiffs.
Macdonald and Others V Thrum
This was a similar action for another part of the same section, and terminated with a similar verdict.
(Source: Adelaide Observer, 15th Nov 1856, p3 & BRB p19)
||10 Oct 1886
||Strathalbyn SA 
- death Murray Street Strathalbyn SA
||20 Jun 1917
|DEATH: Obituary:"Southern Argus". Mr John Cheriton who died in the Strathlabyn Private Hospital on Wednesday June 20th 1917 was aged 88 years. He was a Colonist of 68 years having arrived in $.A. at the age of 20. He followed farming at Belvidere for many years and for a term represented the old Mt Barker District in the House of Assembly. He first took up land at Belvidere in 1851 and later went to the Victorian goldfields. On his return he farmed and did auctioneering work. He was well known in the selling ring in Strathalbyn and many clearing sales were left in his hands. He left one son Mr John Chenton junior, who is still farming at the old property at Belvidere. For the latter part of his life Mr Cheriton lived in his house on Lot 18 Chapel St."|
John was buried with Jane at the Strathalbyn Cemetery (and also a daughter). There is a pink marble cross above the grave. The inscriptions don't agree with burial records or newspaper notices. Jane's death is given as 14/10/1886 instead of the 10th, John's age as 90 when it was 88 and the year of daughter Susannah's death as 1903 when it was 1905.
||Y  |
||Christina and Donald McLean | Jane McLean's descendants
||1 Jun 2020 |
||Donald b1779 MCLEAN, b. 26 Sep 1779, Blaich Scotland , d. 11 Oct 1855, Strathalbyn SA (Age 76 years) |
||Christina b1787 MCPHEE, b. 28 Apr 1787, Crieff Scotland , d. 9 Apr 1869, Strathalbyn SA (Age 81 years) |
|Children of marriage
||* OPRs: We have found birth records (OPRs) for all the 12 children, except for Margaret.|
* Naming: There were Ann X 2, Mary X 2 & Hugh (Ewen) X 2. The first Mary & first Ann died as infants whereas the Hughs survived to adulthood and are diffentiated by being referred to as 'the elder' or 'the younger'.
* Mother: The mother is variously recorded as Christian X 5, Christn, Christy, Catharine X 2, Mary, and Effie (or Essie). The records with Catherine, Mary & Effie are probably original clerical errors and we are confident that they are 'our' family because the birth place is specified as Duisky in each of these cases - and the father was Donald of course.
* Place: All the births were in the parish of Kilmallie. The first 4 births are specified as Blaich and all the later births were at Duisky.
1. Allan McLean - baptism 12th Feb 1811 in Blaich - Son to Donald McLean in Blaich & Christian McPhee in Blaich
2. Mary McLean - baptised 24th Jan 1813 in Blaich - Baptism on 24th Jan 1813 - McLean, Mary daughter of Donald & Christn McPhee - Blaich
3. Ewen McLean - baptized 27th January 1814 - Son of Don'd & Christian McPhee, Blaich
4. John McLean - born 1st Feb 1816, baptized 2nd Feb 1816 - Son of Donald, Blaich & Christian McPhie his spouse
5. Mary McLean - baptized on 5th Apr 1818 in Duisky - Baptism of daughter to Donald MacLean Duisgy and Catharine MacPhee
6. Anne McLean - baptized 18th Feb 1820 - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky and Catharine MacPhee
7. Archibald McLean - baptised 4th March 1821 - Son to Donald MacLean in Duisgi and Effie (or Essie?) MacPhee
8. Ann MacLean - born 6th April 1823 in Duisky - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky & Mary McPhee his wife
9. Rachel McLean - born 13th Feb 1825 in Duisky - 1825 Baptisms - Feb 13 - Rachel dau to Donald McLean in Duisky & Christian McPhee, born 6th
11. Jane (Jeane) McLean - born 18th April 1830, baptized 16th May 1830 in Kilmallie - 1830 Baptisms May 16th, Jeane daughter to Donald McLean tenant in Duskey Ardgour & Christion McPhee, born the 18th April last
12. Ewen McLean - born 26th May 1836 in Duisky - Ewen son of Donald McLean & Christy McPhee in Duisky
* (This note was by Don Gordon on 12th April 2019.)
|Children of marriage
||In addition to the 12 children accepted as 'our' family, some researchers have proposed 4 others:-|
* RICHARD: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [research: Which ones?], but this might not be based on the authentic record. There are no other indications of this Richard in colonial records (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). However there is a Richard listed with the family in the 1841 census for Strathalbyn (BRB p13) but this is considered to be a clerical error (check this) as it should have been Rachel. He is not mentioned in Donald's will.
* ELIZABETH: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [Barry Leadbeater & Dianne Cummings) but this might not be based on the authentic record. It is stated that she was born in 1835 or 1836, and died in 1907. There are no other indications of this Elizabeth in colonial records. (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). In fact there might be confusion with Elizabeth DIXON who was the second wife John McLean - she was born in England in 1835, migrated in 1858, married John in 1874, and died in Strathalbyn in 1907. She is not mentioned in Donald's will.
* HUGH: BRB p8 "The persistent inclusion of a Donald and a Hugh McLean who arrived in 1840 by ship 'Tomatin' must be an error as the listed children the same 10, who with their emigrating parents and in the father's Will. These two may have been nephews. If they were of an earlier marriage of Donald, he had three sons named Hugh which is carrying things a bit far as to names! There is a family story that 'two sons were sent to Venezuela to look for farming possibilities' referring of course to the Donald and Hugh on the 'Tomatin' of 1840. Then not discovering anything suitable followed on to SA. Nothing further is known of them although two of the same name were at Naracoorte in the South East quite early, and the names of the families were the same as those of the Donald McLeans. They were not mentioned in Donald McLean's Will."
* DONALD: See the quote for Hugh, above (BRB p8).
This note was by Don Gordon on 30th July 2018.
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||John Snr b1828 CHERITON, b. 1 Jan 1828, Exeter UK , d. 20 Jun 1917, Strathalbyn SA (Age 89 years) |
||21 Nov 1849
||Adelaide SA 
- Jane aged 7 years when (1830-1886) the family left Scotland to arrive in SA by the "Navarino" on 6/12/1837. She is shown in the S.A. Census of 1841 as aged "under 14" and residing with her parents at Strathalbyn SA.
MARRIAGE: (possibly at Holy Trinity, Adelaide as her husband was English) to John Cheriton (b.1829 at Exeter Devonshire UK). John arrived in S.A. in 1848 by the ship "Spartan" when he was aged 19, so he and Jane were both very young when they married the following year.
| ||1. Christina Agnes CHERITON, b. 22 Sep 1850, Strathalbyn SA , d. 7 Aug 1881, Strathalbyn SA (Age 30 years) |
| ||2. Susannah Ann CHERITON, b. 8 Aug 1852, Belvidere SA , d. 27 Nov 1905, Strathalbyn SA (Age 53 years) |
| ||3. John Jnr b1854 CHERITON, b. 22 Aug 1854, Belvidere SA , d. 19 Aug 1940, Fullarton SA (Age 85 years) |
||7 Jan 2017 12:42:20 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
HS CHERITON John & Jane nee McLean.jpg
- [S-3] FS BRB - 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995, The BRB has a good index for each individual. Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. .
- [S-63] NEWSPAPER TROVE Southern Argus SA, Southern Argus, 27th June 1918, p3.
- [S-13] REGISTER Burials & Cremations - Alexandrina Council SA, Family History Group at Library.
- [S-59] http://www.familyhistorysa.info/colonists.html, Barry Leadbetter, 1.
CHERITON John, Jane MCLEAN married 1849-11-21 at Adelaide, aged 21, 19
This wedding date matches Edwin MacLean. Left alone. Researcher Lorna Mclean 05/12/2016
though on birth date of John Cheriton I have made an entry.