...do YOUR families link back to first South Australian wheat growers?
Christina and Donald McLEAN from Scotland 1837
1787 - 1869 (81 years)
||Christina b1787 MCPHEE  |
- Her name is spelled 'Christeance' in codicil to Donald's will (codicil F on 10th Oct 1855).
The OPR of daughter Anne (born 1820) has the mother as Catherine but we are certain (because the father is Donald MacLean) this is Christina.
||28 Apr 1787
||Crieff Scotland [1, 2]
- The BRB has her birth as 1791 in Kilmallie whereas Edwin McLean's genealogy has her born on 28th April 1787 in Argyll. New evidence: Researcher Lorna McLean cites the OPR for her baptism at Crieff in Argyll on 28th April 1787: evidence in media. FHL Film Number 1041070
||At the same time that John Macmasters and Mary MacMillan were at Corriebeg, Christina McPhee and Donald McLean, were just across the loch at Duisky. It was a six km walk around the eastern end of Loch Eil, or four km in a row-boat. Mary and Christina were first cousins - their mothers were sisters - so there was probably some contact between the families. At the time of Mary's and John's wedding in 1819, Christina and Donald had five children (but one had died). |
||For inheritance of part of 57 Hindley St - see E51 in Small Print. |
||Husband's Will - see Donald McLean's profile for details in Donald's will in which Christina was a beneficiary. |
||26th April 1869
|SALE OF DONALD'S PROPERTIES|
* "Land Sale at Strathalbyn - Mr Close held a sale of land at the Terminus Hotel, Strathalbyn, on Monday, by instruction of the executors of the late Mrs McLean, when a fine section lying between the tramway terminus and the cemetery was bought by Mr R Hooper, whose land it adjoined, at £8/2/6 per acre. A paddock adjoining the Murray Road was bought by Mr Archibald McLean at a little over £6 per acre, and a two-acre block near the brewery, foundry and gasworks was purchased by Mr Allan McLean for £145." (South Australian Register, 30th April 1869, p2)
* "The sale of land under the will of the late Mr D. McLean, advertised to take place at the Terminus Hotel, was held by Mr James Close on Monday last, when there was a very good attendance, and the bidding was spirited. The 84 acres, being Section 2602, lying between the Limestone Hill and Mr Hooper's property, was knocked down to Mr Richard Hooper at £8 2s 6d per acre. The 40 acres (more or less), being portion of Section 2603, and having a frontage to the river, was sold to Mr Archibald McLean at £6. 0s 6d per acre. Mr Allan McLean was the purchaser of the two acres of Section 2612, on Cheriton road, at the south-east corner of the town, the price being £141." (Southern Argus, 1st May 1969, p2)
* Comment: This auction was held on 26th April 1869 which was just 17 days after Christina's death and 14 years after Donald's death.
||14 Feb 1855
||Mt Barker SA 
|Local Courts, Mt Barker: Wednesday, February 14, 1855 Full jurisdiction Before Francis Davison, Esq., Stipendiary Magistrate; Robert Davennort and Frederick May, Esqs. |
"Christian McLean, a septuageniarian wife of Donald McLean, appeared to answer the complaint of Annie Macbean and Catherine Macbean, of the same place for having violently assaulted them with a stick. Mr Andrews defended; and in cross-examination elicited that one of the ladies was enciente [pregnant] by a son of the defendant, and that the defendant on becoming aware of the fact ordered the frail one never to come on her premises again. That on the evening in question the lady did, in defiance of the defendant's injunctions, come on her premises. The charge was, however, clearly proved, and the defendant was fined £2 and costs." (South Australian Register, 21st February 1855, p3)
COMMENTS by Don Gordon on 8th Nov 2018:
* This newspaper item has Christina in her 70s in 1855 (ie born between 1775 and 1785) whereas we have her christening OPR on 28th April 1787 which would make Christina 67 years at the time of the court. The BRB (p7) had her born in 1791 in which case she would have been about 64 years old at the time of the court. But maybe the reporter was just using the term septuagenarian as another way of saying that she was old.
* Donald was 75 years old and maybe frail - he died 8 months later.
* At that time, except for Hugh the younger, all of the children of Donald and Christina had married. Only Hugh the younger, 19 years old, was unmarried and still living at Auchananda Homestead, Strathalbyn with his parents.
* Annie McBean (McBain) probably had been a live-in servant at Auchananda. She was born in 1838 (BRB p532) so was 16 or 17 years old. This doesn't align with information of shipping records which made her 21 on arrival to SA.
* The newspaper item refers to her as enciente (pregant), 'the frail one'.
* Catherine was Annie's sister. Catherine might also have been living at Auchananda's because she was 'of the same place'. Their mother was Margaret (BRB p532).
* Christina was apparently blaming Annie for becoming pregnant with her son. She had made the sisters leave the house, but they had come back, and so she hit them with a stick.
* If we assume that she was at least three months pregnant (otherwise it would not have been such a public issue), the baby must have been born less than six months after the court - ie born before August 1855. It was a boy called Donald. His surname could have been McLean or McBean.
* We don't know who raised Donald, but there must have been a strong continuing connection with Christina as evidenced when she made special provisions for him in her Will in 1869. Maybe she had an important role in his care. He was about 12 years old when she died.
* Subsequently, Annie married Charles McSween in 1859 and Hugh married Margaret Tannahill in 1862.
||9 Apr 1869
||Strathalbyn SA [4, 5]
- "McLEAN, Christina nee McPhee, (b 1791) - Died on the 9th April 1869, at Strathalbyn, Mrs Christina McLean widow of the late Donald McLean, aged 78 years - a colonist for 32 years. Buried in Strathalbyn Cemetery." (South Australian Advertiser, 16th April 1869, p2 & South Australian Register on 24th April 1869)
- Some sources (which ones?) have the death as 4th Sept 1869.
||9 Sept 2020
|See biography of Christina McPhee'S PARENTS AND GRANDPARENTS on HOMEPAGE SMALL PRINT |
||Strathalbyn SA 
||Christina and Donald McLean
||7 Sep 2020 |
||John Oag MCPHEE, b. Crieff Scotland |
||Christian Christ'n CAMERON |
||00 Mar 1786
||Loch Arkaig Scotland 
|Children of marriage
||It would be surprising if John and Christ'n only had only one child, Christina. In those times, there were often many children in each family. |
There are no confirmed records of any of Christina's siblings. Several public genealogical websites have Catherine (born 1787), Margret (1789 or 1811) and Ewen (1791) - these have been entered without evidence and we have discounted them because there is no documentation specifying that the mother is Christ'n Cameron.
See our research notes D55 in SMALL PRINT on the homepage.
Further evidence would be welcome.
(This note by Don Gordon on 20th June 2020)
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Donald b1779 MCLEAN, b. 26 Sep 1779, Blaich Scotland , d. 11 Oct 1855, Strathalbyn SA (Age 76 years) |
|Children of marriage
||* OPRs: We have found birth records (OPRs) for all the 12 children, except for Margaret.|
* Naming: There were Ann X 2, Mary X 2 & Hugh (Ewen) X 2. The first Mary & first Ann died as infants whereas the Hughs survived to adulthood and are diffentiated by being referred to as 'the elder' or 'the younger'.
* Mother: The mother is variously recorded as Christian X 5, Christn, Christy, Catharine X 2, Mary, and Effie (or Essie). The records with Catherine, Mary & Effie are probably original clerical errors and we are confident that they are 'our' family because the birth place is specified as Duisky in each of these cases - and the father was Donald of course.
* Place: All the births were in the parish of Kilmallie. The first 4 births are specified as Blaich and all the later births were at Duisky.
1. Allan McLean - baptism 12th Feb 1811 in Blaich - Son to Donald McLean in Blaich & Christian McPhee in Blaich
2. Mary McLean - baptised 24th Jan 1813 in Blaich - Baptism on 24th Jan 1813 - McLean, Mary daughter of Donald & Christn McPhee - Blaich
3. Ewen McLean - baptized 27th January 1814 - Son of Don'd & Christian McPhee, Blaich
4. John McLean - born 1st Feb 1816, baptized 2nd Feb 1816 - Son of Donald, Blaich & Christian McPhie his spouse
5. Mary McLean - baptized on 5th Apr 1818 in Duisky - Baptism of daughter to Donald MacLean Duisgy and Catharine MacPhee
6. Anne McLean - baptized 18th Feb 1820 - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky and Catharine MacPhee
7. Archibald McLean - baptised 4th March 1821 - Son to Donald MacLean in Duisgi and Effie (or Essie?) MacPhee
8. Ann MacLean - born 6th April 1823 in Duisky - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky & Mary McPhee his wife
9. Rachel McLean - born 13th Feb 1825 in Duisky - 1825 Baptisms - Feb 13 - Rachel dau to Donald McLean in Duisky & Christian McPhee, born 6th
11. Jane (Jeane) McLean - born 18th April 1830, baptized 16th May 1830 in Kilmallie - 1830 Baptisms May 16th, Jeane daughter to Donald McLean tenant in Duskey Ardgour & Christion McPhee, born the 18th April last
12. Ewen McLean - born 26th May 1836 in Duisky - Ewen son of Donald McLean & Christy McPhee in Duisky
* (This note was by Don Gordon on 12th April 2019.)
|Children of marriage
||In addition to the 12 children accepted as 'our' family, some researchers have proposed 4 others:-|
* RICHARD: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [research: Which ones?], but this might not be based on the authentic record. There are no other indications of this Richard in colonial records (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). However there is a Richard listed with the family in the 1841 census for Strathalbyn (BRB p13) but this is considered to be a clerical error (check this) as it should have been Rachel. He is not mentioned in Donald's will.
* ELIZABETH: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [Barry Leadbeater & Dianne Cummings) but this might not be based on the authentic record. It is stated that she was born in 1835 or 1836, and died in 1907. There are no other indications of this Elizabeth in colonial records. (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). In fact there might be confusion with Elizabeth DIXON who was the second wife John McLean - she was born in England in 1835, migrated in 1858, married John in 1874, and died in Strathalbyn in 1907. She is not mentioned in Donald's will.
* HUGH: BRB p8 "The persistent inclusion of a Donald and a Hugh McLean who arrived in 1840 by ship 'Tomatin' must be an error as the listed children the same 10, who with their emigrating parents and in the father's Will. These two may have been nephews. If they were of an earlier marriage of Donald, he had three sons named Hugh which is carrying things a bit far as to names! There is a family story that 'two sons were sent to Venezuela to look for farming possibilities' referring of course to the Donald and Hugh on the 'Tomatin' of 1840. Then not discovering anything suitable followed on to SA. Nothing further is known of them although two of the same name were at Naracoorte in the South East quite early, and the names of the families were the same as those of the Donald McLeans. They were not mentioned in Donald McLean's Will."
* DONALD: See the quote for Hugh, above (BRB p8).
This note was by Don Gordon on 30th July 2018.
| ||1. Allan MCLEAN, b. 12 Feb 1811, Blaich Scotland , d. 2 Sep 1890, Plympton SA (Age 79 years) |
| ||2. Mary b.1813 MCLEAN, b. 22 Jan 1813, Blaich Scotland |
| ||3. Ewen (Hugh the elder) MCLEAN, b. 00 Jan 1814, Blaich Scotland , d. 28 May 1876, Meningie SA (Age ~ 62 years) |
| ||4. John MCLEAN, b. 6 Feb 1816, Blaich Scotland , d. 14 Dec 1903, Angas Plains SA (Age 87 years) |
| ||5. Mary b. 1818 MCLEAN, b. 2 Apr 1818, Duisky Scotland , d. 22 Sep 1889, Strathalbyn SA (Age 71 years) |
| ||6. Anne b.1820 MCLEAN, b. 18 Feb 1820, Duisky Scotland |
| ||7. Archibald b1821 MCLEAN, b. 4 Mar 1821, Duisky Scotland , d. 31 Jan 1899, Naracoorte SA (Age 77 years) |
|+||8. Ann b1823 MCLEAN, b. 6 Apr 1823, Duisky Scotland , d. 21 Oct 1910, Strathalbyn SA (Age 87 years) |
|+||9. Rachel MCLEAN, b. 6 Feb 1825, Duisky Scotland , d. 20 Aug 1908 (Age 83 years) |
| ||10. Margaret MCLEAN, b. 1827, Argyll Scotland , d. 30 Jul 1912, Geelong Vic (Age 85 years) |
| ||11. Jane MCLEAN, b. 18 Apr 1830, Duisky Scotland , d. 10 Oct 1886, Strathalbyn SA (Age 56 years) |
| ||12. Ewen (Hugh the younger) MCLEAN, b. 26 May 1836, Kilmallie Scotland , d. 5 Jun 1921, Strathalbyn SA (Age 85 years) |
||14 Nov 2017 14:02:13 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
HS MCLEAN family crypt at Strathalbyn Cemetery, section 1 - from BRB 034.jpg READS:"Sacred to the memory of Donald McLean who died October the 10th 1856 aged 84 years also Christina, his wife who died April 9th 1869 aged 78 years Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord."
HS GRAVE Donald McLean d.1855. Council reinterred pioneers to Parker Avenue Cemetery in 1859 Believed to be originally buried in "Strathalbyn Old Pioneer Cemetery" "adjacent to the church" [assume St Andrews Presbyterian). The Council relocated the Pioneer Cemetery in 1854 to Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery. Later consideration is Donald was buried on his family plot as requested in his will. TBA
HS GRAVE MCLEAN Donald and Chrisitna nee McPhee section 1.jpg d1859 "Strathalbyn Old Pioneer Cemetery" was relocated by council to Parker Avenue Cemetery. Few records remained of those interred in Old Pioneer Cemetery. Donald deceased 1855 was reinterred to Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery with wife Christina deceased 1869.
Plot: Section 1
||BDM OPR KILMALLIE BIRTH Allen McLean 1811 Feb 12-parents Donald and Christina |
Seemingly the parish priest did 3 baptisms on 5th Feb and then Allen on 12th and not documented until AFTER the next baptism: where it was recalled that Allens record had not been entered. Hence it is squashed in between (though legible) in date order between the other baptisms.
One could almost see him resting in bed and settled down when he realises that Allens baptism had not been entered and the parish priest leapt out of bed/rest to scrawl in the entry with--in fact all the detail. Just as he had done just seven days prior with yet another child.
LAND ORDER 1836 Page 1 of 2 lot 454 Original document newly photographed by Lorna McLean at State Records SA April 2016. Second page template has no written entries. London, 26th July 1837, Robert Torrens signed as the Colonisation Commissioner for SA. In 2017 Robert Torrens Land Title System had been in continual use.
||FIRST WHEAT GROWER-grandsons story-TROVE.pdf|
Newspaper-States First Wheat Grower-1923-TROVE
PLAQUE 1997 in Marleston - corner of South Road & Richmond Road "In memory of Donald and Christina McLean and family who grew the first wheat crop in South Australia. They planted 20 acres on block 50 at Hilton now Marleston in 1838. Early in the 1840s they took up land in the Strathalbyn district. Erected by Strathalbyn National Trust 1997”
||WW - Christrina McPhee - birth 28th April 1787 in Crieff.JPG|
Parents: John McPhee & Christ Cameron
||WW - Christn McPhee - born 28th April 1787 in Crieff.pdf|
Christn dau to John McPhee & Christn Cameron in Crieff April 28th 1787
||WW - Christina McLean, nee Mcphee - will & probate - died 1869|
||WW - Christina McLean - will and probate - died 1869 - with transcription|
||WW - Christian McLean in court for assault - 1855|
South Australian Register, 21st Feb 1855, p3
LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS - LOCAL COURTS, MOUNT BARKER: Wednesday, February 14, 1855 FULL JURISDICTION [Before Francis Davison, Esq., Stipendiary Magistrate; Robert Davennort and Frederick May, ESQS
Christian McLean, a septuageniarian wife of Donald McLean, appeared to answer the complaint of Annie MacBean and Catherine Macbean, of the same place for having violently assaulted them with a stick.
Mr Andrews defended; and in cross-examination elicited that one of the ladies was enciente by a son of the defendant, and the defendant on becoming aware of the fact ordered the frail one never to come on her premises again. That on the evening in question the lady did, in defiance of the defendant's injunctions, come on her premises.
The charge was, however, clearly proved, and the defendant was fined £2 and costs.
OPR SP BIRTH 1787 Christain McPhee dau to Christian CAMERON and John Og McPhee
OPR SP MARRIAGE John Oig McPhee and Christian Cameron 1786
||D50 - Christina McPhee|
Christina's father was John Oag McPhee of Crieff - he was from a long line tenants of Crieff farm. Her mother was Christ'n Cameron who was from Achnacarry. Crieff and Achnacarry are near Loch Arkaig.
Her parents were married in 1786 in Crieff and this is where Christina was born in 1787. She grew up there. When she was 17 years old the family moved to near Loch Eil. This is how she met Donald McLean.
Christina and Donald McLean lived in Blaich and Duisky on Loch Eil where they had 12 children (two died as infants) over the next two-and-half decades. The family migrated to South Australia in 1837.
(Updated September 2020)
- [S-3] FS BRB - 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995, The BRB has a good index for each individual. Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. .
- [S-87] BDM SCOTLANDS PEOPLE requires own log in, https://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/view-image/nrs_opr_records/5458996?image=74 (Reliability: 1), 10 Feb 2017 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
BIRTHS: born-April 28 1787. The below evidence now aligns to Edwin MacLean guesstimate above-evidence pending.
First evidence: Accurate content of Kilmallie Baptism Register in OPR as an image. Also reflects Christina as dau. to John McPhee and Christian Cameron in Crieff (on Shores of Lake Arkaig, South Inverness/North Argyll) in Parish of Kilmallie, baptised 28.4.1787 FHL1041070 Researcher Lorna McLean Ref 520/1074 Kilmallie Page 74 of 243
- [S-195] NEWSPAPER TROVE South Australian Register, 21st February 1855, p3, 13 Nov 2017 Researcher Lorna McLean.
- [S-3] FS BRB - 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995, The BRB has a good index for each individual. Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. , Page 20.
- [S-73] PUBLICATION "Register Personal Notices Vol-3 1866-1870", Compiled Reg Butler, Alan Phillips, 270, 11 Jan 2017 Researcher Lorna McLean.
"MCLEAN on the 9th April (1869) at Strathalbyn SA, Mrs Christina Mclean, widow of the late Donald McLean, aged 78years-a colonist of 32 years." As this is transcribed from newspaper and made into a published book, we have reverted to burial detail on headstone and cemetery records.
- [S-87] BDM SCOTLANDS PEOPLE requires own log in, 9 Mar 2020 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
The OPR of their Kilmallie Parish marriage is attached to this profile.
It is difficult to read the date of the marriage on the OPR. Scotland's People have wrongly transcribed it as 28th Feb 1786. Maybe it is 1st March or 31st March. The important thing is that the year is definitely 1786. (This note was by Don Gordon on 26th Feb 2019.) I find that the date is 1st of March 1786, partly due to the faded ink and the refreshed ink writing. The year nor the location is in doubt 1786 in Kilmalllie Parish.(Note by researcher Lorna McLean on 3 March 2020).
- [S-87] BDM SCOTLANDS PEOPLE requires own log in, 9 Mar 2020 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
OPR SP BIRTH Christina is unlikely to be an only child in a world where there were a bakers dozen