...do YOUR families link back to first South Australian wheat growers?
 Christina and Donald McLEAN from Scotland 1837



Donald b1779 MCLEAN

Donald b1779 MCLEAN

Male 1779 - 1855  (76 years)

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  • Name Donald b1779 MCLEAN  [1
    • Donald signed his name variously as - McLane - MacLean - McLean - McClean and Mac (ref p13 BRB)
    Born 26 Sep 1779  Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
    • Edwin MacLean in 2016 stated Donald was born in Fort William. This had long been surmised: evidence pending.
    • Scotland, births and baptisms, 1564-1950. Born Allan Mclean gender male birth date 26 Sep 1779 birth place kilmallie argyll scotland, father Allan mclean mother Rachel Ranken. FHL Film Number 1041070.
    Gender Male 
    Biography Notes 26 Sep 1779  Homepage menu-SMALL PRINT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    A persuasive, narrative, biography of evidenced information covering all of Donalds life, wife and more 
    Marriage/Wedding 00.00.1811  Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    the first born son, Allan OPR b.bapt offers event 12 Feb early in 1811. Likely parents handfasted or "blessed" at time of baptism of first born. Guesstimate only ....Lorna Mclean OPR READS "1811, Feb 12, Allan son to Donald McLean in Blaich & Christian McPhee in Blaich"
    Seemingly the parish priest did 3 baptisms on 5th Feb and then Allen on 12th and not documented until AFTER the next baptism: where it was recalled that Allens record had not been entered. Hence it is squashed in between (though legible) in date order between the other baptisms. 
    Biography Notes 3 Aug 1837  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Donald and whole family emmigrated from Scotland, departure on "Navarino" at London to South Australia arriving on 9 Dec 1837. Arrival location initially named Holdfast Bay (due to sticky mud to pass through) later renamed Glenelg. Ewen/Hugh, the youngest child at the time was in his second year born 1836 back 'home'. 
    Biography Notes 00 Dec 1838  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    'Mr McLean ... was one of the first men to grow wheat on the (Strathalbyn) plains. He had some grain ground at Mr Ridley's so-called flourmill while I was at work there. We began to upbraid him for his foolhardiness in taking up land so far away in the unknown wilderness, where he would suffer much privation and - if he escaped being eaten alive by savage beasts or savager men - would probably starve to death. He began to dance a Scotch reel, but not to the sound of the bagpipes but to song and words of his own making. As far as I could make out he was crooning, "I'll nae starve, plenty cows, plenty milk, plenty butter, plenty hens, plenty eggs, plenty pigs, I'll nae starve. And so on through another long list of eatables. He had a jolly day and was not disposed to look at the dangers of the expedition. It was more than probable that whisky had something to do with the elevation, for in after-life he was a slave to it." (Source: Memoirs of John Dunn who knew Donald personally - 'A Miller's Tale' was edited by Anthony Stuart in 1991).
     
    Biography Notes 1841  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The third family to purchase blocks in Strathalbyn district to the Rankine and Dawson families. Built a stone building on Section 2603 near the banks of the Angas River.  
    Residence 1842  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The family moved from Adelaide's suburb of Marleston (previously named Hilton) to establish their new home and outbuildings named 'Auchananda's'. It was built on the river's edge of the Angas River which winds through Strathalbyn SA. It is a short walk, south-west of the Strathalbyn township.
    2020 Today: The original house has been demolished however the outbuilding that was referred to as a barn, has now been restored as a residence and privately owned (inaccessible). It can be viewed from the other side of the River Angas.  
    Died 11 Oct 1855  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
    • "Died: 0n the 11th instant, at this residence, Auchananda (sic), Strathalbyn SA. Mr Donald Mclean senior aged 75 years. The deceased was an old colonist, highly respected by a numerous circle of relations and friends." - The Adelaide Observer, 13th October 1855, page 5


    • Did Donald die on 10th or 11th? A quote from text accompanying a sketch of Donald McLean's cottage at Hilton held in the Mortlock Library stated that, "He died at his home on October 10th, 1855, aged 84 years, leaving his wife, Christina, five sons and five daughters and was buried in Section 1 of the Strathalbyn Cemetery" (BRB p9)

    CEMETERY STRATHALBYN SA Crypt of Pioneer Donald McLean d.1856 & Christina (McPhee) d.1869
    CEMETERY STRATHALBYN SA Crypt of Pioneer Donald McLean d.1856 & Christina (McPhee) d.1869
    Section 1 Strathalbyn Cemetery on Parker Ave. Donald originally buried near his homestead at Auchananda. Source: Diary entry of Matthew Rankine page number 19 in book "Old Strathalbyn" by Nancy Gemmell. Possibly Council reinterred in 1859-investigation required on the last point.[Research: Check the actual wording in his diary on microfilm at the State Library, Adelaide]
    Buried 13 Oct 1855  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 7
    • SOURCE: RANKINE FAMILY OF STRATHALBYN
      On bottom of the page 93. In the section labelled "Matthew Rankine, 2nd. son" reads...."About this time he [Matthew Rankine, 2nd. son] went to the funeral of a Mr. McLean who was buried close to his house in pouring rain. There was a large attendance and all stayed to hear the will read afterwards.....This seems that it was not dated. However since Donald died on the 11 Oct 1855 and the next paragraph opened with...."On October 13th. 1855 he was asked to be secretary to the newly formed Agricultural Society at Strathalbyn which met regularly so he took the opportunity...." so it can be assumed to be the 11th, 12th, and maybe 13th October 1855.
    • Matthew Rankine, who was then of "Woodburn", Angas Plains, attended the funeral and he noted this in his diary. ?On 11/10/1855 he received a letter informing him of the death of Donald McLean. In those days people were invited to funerals. Matthew wrote that he rode his horse Blossom to the Donald McLean house, starting at noon on the 13th and that many people had gathered for the funeral and that Donald was buried near his house and on his own land and that afterwards the Will was read." (BRB p16) [Research: Get a copy of the actual diary entry ? it is on microfilm in the State Library, Adelaide]
    • Although Donald was buried near his homestead, "whether Donald was re-interred at the present cemetery or left in his original grave is not now known? (BRB p16).
    Biography Notes 26th Apr 1869  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    SALE OF DONALD'S PROPERTIES
    * "Land Sale at Strathalbyn - Mr Close held a sale of land at the Terminus Hotel, Strathalbyn, on Monday, by instruction of the executors of the late Mrs McLean, when a fine section lying between the tramway terminus and the cemetery was bought by Mr R Hooper, whose land it adjoined, at 8/2/6 per acre. A paddock adjoining the Murray Road was bought by Mr Archibald McLean at a little over 6 per acre, and a two-acre block near the brewery, foundry and gasworks was purchased by Mr Allan McLean for 145." (South Australian Register, 30th April 1869, p2)
    * "The sale of land under the will of the late Mr D. McLean, advertised to take place at the Terminus Hotel, was held by Mr James Close on Monday last, when there was a very good attendance, and the bidding was spirited. The 84 acres, being Section 2602, lying between the Limestone Hill and Mr Hooper's property, was knocked down to Mr Richard Hooper at 8 2s 6d per acre. The 40 acres (more or less), being portion of Section 2603, and having a frontage to the river, was sold to Mr Archibald McLean at 6. 0s 6d per acre. Mr Allan McLean was the purchaser of the two acres of Section 2612, on Cheriton road, at the south-east corner of the town, the price being 141." (Southern Argus, 1st May 1969, p2)
    * Comment: This auction was held on 26th April 1869 which was just 17 days after Christina's death and 14 years after Donald's death.  
    Biography Notes 7 Dec 1922  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Southern Argus, 7th Dec 1922, p 3
    THE FIRST WHEAT
    Controversy has furiously raged about the claims of the first wheat crop in South Australia, and a vast amount of research work has been put in to establish various claims. So far as we know, there has never been a satisfactory claim to this honor, since a confusion of dates and localities and hazy memories has usually led up to the proverbial Scotchman's 'doots.' We give another claim in which, we understand, dates and family records have been checked and counter-checked and every thing possibly done to establish beyond doubt a genuine claim to the first wheat grower in this State. The particulars which have been supplied to us by a well-known resident of Murrayville ? a relative of the late D McLean, are as follows: ? The very first wheat grown in SA, without a shadow of doubt, was grown by the late Donald McLean in 1838. Mr McLean, who was a relative of the late Hon. Allan McLean, a former Premier of Victoria, hailed from Argyleshire, and left Gravesend with his wife and family of ten on August 6, 1837, landing by the "Navarino" at Holdfast Bay on December 6. At that time there were no houses in Adelaide, and the Governor was living in a reed hut on the banks of the River Torrens. Equipped with a fair amount of capital he quickly sized up the conditions, and sent two sons to Tasmania, who were then 22 and 24 years of age, providing them with 300 to purchase seed wheat, which, at that time, was only procurable in Van Dieman's Land, two teams of bullocks, horses and drays and other necessaries ? which by the way, included a cat for his wife.
    A land order entitled Mr McLean to select land, but as the surveying had not been done, it was necessary to wait till June 6, 1838, the date of the ' first land meeting in SA for selecting blocks around Adelaide. Thirty applicants attended, and Mr. McLean selected section No. 50, one and a half miles from the GPO, now known as the suburb of Marleston; better known as Hilton. The two eldest sons, Allan and John, started cultivating operations at once with a plough brought from the old country. Twenty acres of cleared land was fenced and put in seed, a good crop being hand reaped towards the end of 1838. The records in the Government office substantiate the claim that no wheat was grown in SA, before 1838, but the first was the 20 acres by Mr. McLean. In 1839 120 acres were cultivated, and 816 acres in 1840. It is also recorded in the Government office that Mr McLean was granted this land on June 6, 1838. It is believed that the first wheat was ground into meal and eaten after the manner of oaten cake or bannocks, which was a common Scotch fare in those days. A few years ago, a Mr Calaly, of Mount Barker, an old pioneer, claimed to have eaten bread made from the first wheat grown by the McLean, and a Mr W. Greig, a shipmate of the McLean's, testified that he saw the wheat put in and that no other wheat was grown in SA in that year. The remains of the homestead still stand near Hilton. The land was sold later to Mr. John Marle's father. Further evidence was given by a very early pioneer who held land near the McLean's, in which it is recorded in a book, that Mr. McLean was the first wheat grower in the State. Later on, Mr McLean purchased a large area of land at Strathlbyn adjoining the township, and other blocks along the Angas and Bremmer Rivers. The old homestead of Mr. McLean was situated close to Strathalbyn, a solid two-storey house which still stands.

     
    Person ID I-1  Christina and Donald McLean
    Last Modified 9 Nov 2022 

    Father Allan b1746 MCLEAN,   b. 9 Jun 1746, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1803, Scotland UK Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship -2532 
    Mother Rachel b.1744 RANKINE,   b. 00 Dec 1744, Scotland UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1773, Ancrum Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 28 years) 
    Relationship -2532 
    Married 1765  Argyll Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    • Kaye McArdle has this information on record in her WikiTree with allan florence and mary childlren of Hugh and Christine (McVicar) Mclean.
    Family ID F-2532  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Christina b1787 MCPHEE,   b. 28 Apr 1787, Crieff Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1869, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Married
    • Assumed handfasted or/&...12months and one day as was the practise....see https://englishhistoryauthors.blogspot.com/2016/11/handfasting-in-scotland.html
      Summary cc
      Handfasting rituals, especially in Scotland, has long been surrounded by mythical images of couples binding their hands and even drawing blood to form a trial marriage that would last one year, after which, the couple could in mutual consent, stay together or part. The real ritual.... There was no need for witnesses (ONLY STRENGTHENED the proof) or the consent of the parents. There was no need for a priest. .... Two people could exchange vows and that was enough. There was no need for banns or a mass to bless the marriage, just two people consenting. It wasn?t even necessary to have sexual intercourse, the marriage was binding. This legal position was made from about 1200 onwards with the support and direction of the Church.
      In Scotland there was a third type of marriage called ?marriage by habit and repute.? This was a marriage established when a couple lived together as if married and presented themselves to society as married; a kind of common law marriage. .....
      Like elsewhere, in Scotland, divorce wasn?t possible. A couple were married for life...It wasn?t until the Scottish Reformation in 1560 that divorce and remarriage became possible.
      The common process for a marriage in the late medieval time up until the Reformation included a betrothal, a proclamation of the banns and consent in the present tense.... Though the Church and the law recognized clandestine marriages (marriages made without witnesses and the usual Church presence) they did everything they could to discourage them. ...With the Reformation many Protestant.....In 1563 the Roman Catholic Church ...... Since Scotland became a Protestant country in 1560.... So both Scottish civil law and the Church essentially kept what made a marriage unchanged. ...The only changes were to permit divorce and remarriage and a reduction in the degrees of consanguity.....By the 18th century,....the civil law continued to support it and that remained unchanged until 1940.
      Though the civil law essentially remained the same the cultural customs surrounding marriage did change over the 4 centuries between the Scottish Reformation and 1940. Handfasting fell away about the late 17th century or.....?

      In the late 18th century a kind of a myth arose around handfasting,.....and it continued on until the 20th century and eventually became incorporated in the neo-Pagan rituals still practiced today.
    Children of marriage * OPRs: We have found birth records (OPRs) for all the 12 children, except for Margaret.
    * Naming: There were Ann X 2, Mary X 2 & Hugh (Ewen) X 2. The first Mary & first Ann died as infants whereas the Hughs survived to adulthood and are diffentiated by being referred to as 'the elder' or 'the younger'.
    * Mother: The mother is variously recorded as Christian X 5, Christn, Christy, Catharine X 2, Mary, and Effie (or Essie). The records with Catherine, Mary & Effie are probably original clerical errors and we are confident that they are 'our' family because the birth place is specified as Duisky in each of these cases - and the father was Donald of course.
    * Place: All the births were in the parish of Kilmallie. The first 4 births are specified as Blaich and all the later births were at Duisky.
    1. Allan McLean - baptism 12th Feb 1811 in Blaich - Son to Donald McLean in Blaich & Christian McPhee in Blaich
    2. Mary McLean - baptised 24th Jan 1813 in Blaich - Baptism on 24th Jan 1813 - McLean, Mary daughter of Donald & Christn McPhee - Blaich
    3. Ewen McLean - baptized 27th January 1814 - Son of Don'd & Christian McPhee, Blaich
    4. John McLean - born 1st Feb 1816, baptized 2nd Feb 1816 - Son of Donald, Blaich & Christian McPhie his spouse
    5. Mary McLean - baptized on 5th Apr 1818 in Duisky - Baptism of daughter to Donald MacLean Duisgy and Catharine MacPhee
    6. Anne McLean - baptized 18th Feb 1820 - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky and Catharine MacPhee
    7. Archibald McLean - baptised 4th March 1821 - Son to Donald MacLean in Duisgi and Effie (or Essie?) MacPhee
    8. Ann MacLean - born 6th April 1823 in Duisky - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky & Mary McPhee his wife
    9. Rachel McLean - born 13th Feb 1825 in Duisky - 1825 Baptisms - Feb 13 - Rachel dau to Donald McLean in Duisky & Christian McPhee, born 6th
    10. Margaret - probably born in 1827 in Duisky. No OPR has been found - this is surprising because she is the only one of 12 siblings whose birth was apparently not registered.
    11. Jane (Jeane) McLean - born 18th April 1830, baptized 16th May 1830 in Kilmallie - 1830 Baptisms May 16th, Jeane daughter to Donald McLean tenant in Duskey Ardgour & Christion McPhee, born the 18th April last
    12. Ewen McLean - born 26th May 1836 in Duisky - Ewen son of Donald McLean & Christy McPhee in Duisky
    * (This note was by Don Gordon on 12th April 2019.) 
    Children of marriage In addition to the 12 children accepted as 'our' family, some researchers have proposed 4 others:-
    * RICHARD: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [research: Which ones?], but this might not be based on the authentic record. There are no other indications of this Richard in colonial records (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). However there is a Richard listed with the family in the 1841 census for Strathalbyn (BRB p13) but this is considered to be a clerical error (check this) as it should have been Rachel. He is not mentioned in Donald's will.
    * ELIZABETH: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [Barry Leadbeater & Dianne Cummings) but this might not be based on the authentic record - it might have been added later. It is stated that she was born in 1835 or 1836, and died in 1907. There are no other indications of this Elizabeth in colonial records. (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). In fact there might be confusion with Elizabeth DIXON who was the second wife John McLean - she was born in England in 1835, migrated in 1858, married John in 1874, and so was known as Elizabeth McLean when she died in Strathalbyn in 1907. Donald's Will makes no mention of anyone called Elizabeth.
    * HUGH: BRB p8 "The persistent inclusion of a Donald and a Hugh McLean who arrived in 1840 by ship 'Tomatin' must be an error. The listed children are the same 10 who were listed on the ship when their emigrating parents, and all appear in the father's Will. These two may have been nephews. If they were of an earlier marriage of Donald, he had three sons named Hugh which is carrying things a bit far as to names! There is a family story that 'two sons were sent to Venezuela to look for farming possibilities' referring of course to the Donald and Hugh on the 'Tomatin' of 1840. Then not discovering anything suitable followed on to SA. Nothing further is known of them although two of the same name were at Naracoorte in the South East quite early, and the names of the families were the same as those of the Donald McLeans. They were not mentioned in Donald McLean's Will." And the BRB p544 has, in 1864 "Hugh McLean of the ship 'Tomatin' of 1840 and his wife Elizabeth (nee Scott) were staying at 'Ardgour Cottage' in Strathalbyn with Hugh the Younger and Margaret. According to a 'Register' newspaper of Adelaide a little daughter of Elizabeth and this particular Hugh McLean, died at 'Ardgour Cottage' on 23/7/1864. She was named Mary and was aged 2 years & 2 months. This has caused some confusion concerning the deaths of the two infants. The Hugh of the 'Tomatin' must certainly have been kin to the Strathalbyn McLeans, but certainly not a third son of Donald & Christina, named Hugh".
    * DONALD: See the quote for Hugh, above (BRB p8).
    (This note was by Don Gordon on 30th July 2018). 
    Children 
    +1. Allan b.1811 Snr MCLEAN,   b. 12 Feb 1811, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Sep 1890, Plympton SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)  []
     2. Mary b.1813 MCLEAN,   b. 22 Jan 1813, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  []
     3. Ewen (Hugh the elder) MCLEAN,   b. 00 Jan 1814, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 May 1876, Meningie SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)  []
     4. John b1816 MCLEAN,   b. 6 Feb 1816, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1903, Angas Plains SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)  []
     5. Mary b1818 MCLEAN,   b. 2 Apr 1818, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Sep 1889, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)  []
     6. Anne b.1820 MCLEAN,   b. 18 Feb 1820, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  []
     7. Archibald b1821 MCLEAN,   b. 4 Mar 1821, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jan 1899, Naracoorte SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years)  []
    +8. Ann b1823 MCLEAN,   b. 6 Apr 1823, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1910, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)  []
    +9. Rachel MCLEAN,   b. 6 Feb 1825, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 22 Sept 1908, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 83 years)  []
     10. Margaret MCLEAN,   b. 1827, Argyll Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1912, Geelong Vic Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)  []
     11. Jane b1830 MCLEAN,   b. 18 Apr 1830, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Oct 1886, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)  []
    +12. Ewen (Hugh the younger) b1836 MCLEAN,   b. 26 May 1836, Duisky Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jun 1921, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)  []
     13. Elizabeth MCLEAN,   b. 1835, Argyll Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1907, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)  []
    Last Modified 27 Dec 2020 12:18:22 
    Family ID F-1  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Mountain Hut, Glen Osmond - at the foot of the Adelaide Hills
    Mountain Hut, Glen Osmond - at the foot of the Adelaide Hills
    Donald was robbed at gun-point by Robert Spearman in 1848. See G85 in SMALL PRINT.
    Auchananda's - the McLean's original home on banks of the Angas River.
    Auchananda's - the McLean's original home on banks of the Angas River.
    It was probably built in the early 1840s (not 1865 as in the caption). It became a ruin and nothing remains except the adjacent barn which has been restored as a residence. For more details, see E53 in SMALL PRINT.
    Sourced from Strathalbyn History Room 21 Feb 2019 Researcher Lorna McLean
    Double Storey building (earliest known)-Barn and stable with loft at Auchananda's, Strathalbyn - recent photo
    Double Storey building (earliest known)-Barn and stable with loft at Auchananda's, Strathalbyn - recent photo
    Donald McLean's homestead was next to this barn on the banks of the Angas River. Farm buildings were built in the 1840s but became disused. It was later restored and is now a private residence - behind 19 Langhhorne Creek Road. It cannot be seen from this road but it can be glimpsed from across the river (standing in the reserve opposite 22 Fairfield Drive, looking east through the trees). For more details, see E53 on HOMEPAGE; SMALL PRINT.

    Ardgour House of Morvern, Scotland. (image1986) Photo by Cynthia Kalma nee McLean in 2016

    Documents

    LAND ORDER 1836 Page 1 of 2 lot 454 Original document newly photographed by Lorna McLean at State Records SA April 2016. Second page template has no written entries. London, 26th July 1837, Robert Torrens signed as the Colonisation Commissioner for SA. In 2017 Robert Torrens Land Title System had been in continual use.
    Notes about the Donald McLean in early Strathalbyn days - by John Dunn
    Notes about the Donald McLean in early Strathalbyn days - by John Dunn
    'A Miller's Tale - the memoirs of John Dunn of Mount Barker' - edited by Anthony Stuart, published by Waterwheel Books in 1991, ISBN 0646032690. Previously published in the Mount Barker Courier in 18 installments between 12 November 1886 and 4 February 1887, one on 22 April 1887 and between 29 July and 19 August 1887. John Dunn lived not far from Strathalbyn when Donald McLean was living there. John knew Donald personally - in 1842, John was 40 years old and Donald was about 65 years old.
    Donald McLean's farm in Hilton - crops, water, fencing & building
    Donald McLean's farm in Hilton - crops, water, fencing & building
    Official returns of the country sections cultivated - District A or Adelaide District - June 1841
    FIRST WHEAT GROWER-grandsons story-TROVE.pdf
    FIRST WHEAT GROWER-grandsons story-TROVE.pdf
    Newspaper-States First Wheat Grower-1923-TROVE

    LAND ORDER 1836 P2 of 2 LAND ORDER 454 Hilton Adelaide South Australia
    Donald McLean's will, codicils & probate
    Donald McLean's will, codicils & probate
    For more detail, look at G91 & G92 - in HOMEPAGE MENU; SMALL PRINT
    Plaque in Marleston - first wheart crop in SA
    Plaque in Marleston - first wheart crop in SA
    Erected in 1997 in Marleston at corner of South Road & Richmond Road "In memory of Donald and Christina McLean and family who grew the first wheat crop in South Australia. They planted 20 acres on block 50 at Hilton now Marleston in 1838. Early in the 1840s they took up land in the Strathalbyn district. Erected by Strathalbyn National Trust 1997
    Manifest of the Navarino in 1837
    Manifest of the Navarino in 1837
    * Page 12: Navarino, arrived Dec 6, 1837 - list of company's passengers of Navarino.
    * Page 13: South Australian Company - list of passengers of Navarino, Capt C.A. Warming - from London - Name Henry Woolman, age 42, Occupation sail maker, Wife's name Margaret, Names & ages of children Daniel 12, Peter 4, Stephen 2, Hannah 10 - Edmund J Wheeler?? manager - stamp Public Library Museum & Art Gallery of South Australia
    * Page 77: Manifest of the Navarino 364 tons C.A. Warming master - 9 caskets nails, John Russel, D McLean esqu, 3 caskets hardware, 1 plough, 1 box - passengers 69 men, 72 women, 27 boys, 29 girls, total 197 less 10 deaths, 187 total.
    OPR BIRTH MCLEAN Donald 26th September 1779 Blaich.
    OPR BIRTH MCLEAN Donald 26th September 1779 Blaich.
    OPR BIRTH MCLEAN Donald 26 Sept 1779 Blaich son to Allan Mclean and Rachel Ranken in Blaich Lochaber.

    Labelled GAELIC BIBLE "bought and paid for this in the year 1835 - 17 March
    ww - Donald McLean's properties (possibly not 'our' Donald) - source - Memorial Index Book
    ww - Donald McLean's properties (possibly not 'our' Donald) - source - Memorial Index Book
    ww - Donald McLean - cultivation of country section 50 ('Dunskey') in Hilton - cropping in 1840 - reported in 1841
    ww - Donald McLean - cultivation of country section 50 ('Dunskey') in Hilton - cropping in 1840 - reported in 1841
    Country section 50, Dunskey, Donald McLean
    * Wheat: 14 acres, sown in March, very fair crop, slightly smutted
    * Barley: 4 acres, sown in April, a very good crop
    * Oats: 1 acre, cut green for feed
    * Potatoes: 1 acre, planted in April, proved a failure
    * Water: well 40 ft deep with 6 ft of water
    * Fencing: 20 acres with posts, 2 rails and narrow paling
    * Stockyard
    * House: dwelling house of pise
    * Source: From South Australian Register, 12th June 1841, p4
    Donald McLean - land grant per land order 454 - 80 acres - country section 50 of survey B - 17th March 1839
    Donald McLean - land grant per land order 454 - 80 acres - country section 50 of survey B - 17th March 1839
    Although this order was dated March 1839, the McLeans actually took up the property in the middle of the previous year - in time for the family to clear enough land to plant 20 acres of wheat and harvest it many months before the grant was officially signed.
    Donald McLean - baptised 26th Sept 1779 Blaich
    Donald McLean - baptised 26th Sept 1779 Blaich
    1779 - McLean Donald son of Allan McLean & Rachel Ranken in Blaich 26th September 1779

    OPR BAPTISM Squeezed in at the end of a busy day. The minister squeezed in the details of Allan Mclean was baptised on 12.2.1811 Kilmallie

    Headstones
    CEMETERY STRATHALBYN crypt lid with white sand to view engraving
    CEMETERY STRATHALBYN crypt lid with white sand to view engraving
    HS MCLEAN family crypt at Strathalbyn Cemetery, section 1 - from BRB 034.jpg READS:"Sacred to the memory of Donald McLean who died October the 10th 1856 aged 84 years also Christina, his wife who died April 9th 1869 aged 78 years Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord."
    CEMETERY STRATHALBYN CRYPT of Pioneer of 1838 Donald Mclean of Blaich, Lochaber Scotland and wife Christina nee McPhee of Crieff Inverness
    CEMETERY STRATHALBYN CRYPT of Pioneer of 1838 Donald Mclean of Blaich, Lochaber Scotland and wife Christina nee McPhee of Crieff Inverness
    HS GRAVE Donald McLean d.1855. Council reinterred pioneers to Parker Avenue Cemetery in 1859 Believed to be originally buried in "Strathalbyn Old Pioneer Cemetery" "adjacent to the church" [assume St Andrews Presbyterian). The Council relocated the Pioneer Cemetery in 1854 to Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery. Later consideration is Donald was buried on his family plot as requested in his will. TBA
    CEMETERY STRATHALBYN SA Crypt of Pioneer Donald McLean d.1856 & Christina (McPhee) d.1869
    CEMETERY STRATHALBYN SA Crypt of Pioneer Donald McLean d.1856 & Christina (McPhee) d.1869
    HS GRAVE MCLEAN Donald and Chrisitna nee McPhee section 1 d1859 "Strathalbyn Old Pioneer Cemetery" was relocated by council to Parker Avenue Cemetery. Few records remained of those interred from Old Pioneer Cemetery. Donald deceased 1855 believed reinterred to Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery with wife Christina deceased 1869.
    Plot: Section 1
    ENTRANCE-PIONEER CEMETERY 1837-1854 Strathalbyn. Council reinterred all pioneer remains to Parker Avenue Cemetery Strathalbyn
    ENTRANCE-PIONEER CEMETERY 1837-1854 Strathalbyn. Council reinterred all pioneer remains to Parker Avenue Cemetery Strathalbyn

    SMALL PRINT
    G60 - The first wheat crop in South Australia - 1838
    G60 - The first wheat crop in South Australia - 1838
    These notes describe how Donald and his sons grew 20 acres of wheat at this Hilton property in 1838. There was public argument about whether or not this was the first wheat crop.
    (Updated June 2020)
    E52 - Donald's 80 acre farm in Hilton, near Adelaide - country section 50 - 1838 to 1855
    E52 - Donald's 80 acre farm in Hilton, near Adelaide - country section 50 - 1838 to 1855
    The McLeans grew the colony's first wheat crop and built a house on what is now the suburb of Marleston.
    Updated June 2020
    E51 - Donald's property in the CBD of Adelaide - half acre 57 in Hindley Street
    E51 - Donald's property in the CBD of Adelaide - half acre 57 in Hindley Street
    What did Donald and his family do with the property which is now Kaurna Gallery in Adelaide?
    Updated June 2020
    G55 - Donald's life around Adelaide - 1838 to 1842
    G55 - Donald's life around Adelaide - 1838 to 1842
    The McLean family arrived in the earliest days of the colony. Donald purchased a property in the new Adelaide township. He took up an 80 acre farm where he grew the first substantial wheat crop and built a house. They were there for three or four years as the colony was rapidly growing around them. They moved to Strathalbyn in 1842.
    Updated June 2020
    G20 - Overview of Donald's life - 1779 to 1855
    G20 - Overview of Donald's life - 1779 to 1855
    Donald McLean and Christina, nee McPhee lived in the Western Highlands of Scotland for five decades before migrating to the new colony in South Australia with ten children in 1837. For a few years, they farmed near Adelaide where they grew the first wheat crop in the colony. Then they were pioneers in the Strathalbyn district. Updated March 2019
    G85 - Highway robbery of Donald McLean by Robert Spearman - near Adelaide in 1848
    G85 - Highway robbery of Donald McLean by Robert Spearman - near Adelaide in 1848
    In 1848, Donald was robbed of 76 pounds on his way back from Adelaide to his home in Strathalbyn. Robert Spearman, the innkeeper of the Mountain Hut, was convicted (but maybe he wasn't really guilty) and was sentenced to 15 years in Van Dieman's Land - but he escaped straight away. This document details the court proceedings and some stories about Spearman's adventures after he escaped. All this material would make a terrific play or novel.
    Updated March 2019
    E53 - Places - Auchananda's - Donald's home in Strathalbyn
    E53 - Places - Auchananda's - Donald's home in Strathalbyn
    The McLeans built a two-story house and barn/stables in early 1840s - a mile from the Strathalbyn post office. At that time, these were among the first and best buildings in the district. The house was a ruin within about 50 years, but the barn/stables is still there - as a residence.
    Updated June 2021
    G91 - Donald McLean's Will - transcription and notes
    G91 - Donald McLean's Will - transcription and notes
    * Donald signed his Will in 1846 and subsequently made six codicils before he died in 1855.
    * It was a complex Will for his wife and many children involving numerous properties.
    * This document has images and transcriptions of the Will, codicils and probate. There is a listing of what each beneficiary was to receive and notes about all these.
    * This should be read in conjuction with G92 which attempts to identify what each of the ten children inherited.
    * Updated April 2020
    G92 - Donald McLean's Will - What did each child inherit?
    G92 - Donald McLean's Will - What did each child inherit?
    * This document examines two memorials about the work of the executors.
    * The properties are listed but it is not clear who ended up owning them.
    * This should be read in conjuction with G91 for Will & codicils - and notes.
    * Updated 1st July 2021
    E66 - Places - McLean burials in Strathalbyn
    E66 - Places - McLean burials in Strathalbyn
    Where are the McLean grave sites in Strathalbyn? What happened to the family burial ground that Donald had instructed in his Will?
    Updated October 2020
    F35 - MacLean Lairds of Blaich
    F35 - MacLean Lairds of Blaich
    A line of lairds of Blaich was commenced in 1480 by Hector, who was a son of the 2nd Laird of Ardgour, but it probably petered out in the early 1600s. It was reestablished, as the 'second family', in the 1660s, with Lachlan Mor who was a son of the 8th Laird of Ardgour. This petered out again, perhaps in the 1750s - before our Donald's birth. Lachlan Mor was the brother of Allan, born 1640, who is possibly the 2 X great-grandfather of our Donald, ie Donald might have been the 3 X great-grandson of the 8th Laird - John 'Crubach' MacLean.
    (Updated March 2019)


    STORIES
    5002 - Donald McLEAN & Christina McPhee
    5002 - Donald McLEAN & Christina McPhee
    Biography as published in the BRB in 1995.
    5002.5 - Highway robbery: 'Oh, how the wind blows'
    5002.5 - Highway robbery: 'Oh, how the wind blows'
    Donald McLean was held up by Robert Spearman near the Mountain Hut in 1848. But was Spearman really guilty?
    G85.5 Updated 19th March 2019
    G94 - How wealthy was Donald McLean?
    G94 - How wealthy was Donald McLean?
    Donald arrived in South Australia with considerable assets and he greatly added to this by acquiring many properties in the new colony.
    Updated June 2021
    5002.1 - The first nations, first settlers and first McLeans in Strathalbyn
    5002.1 - The first nations, first settlers and first McLeans in Strathalbyn
    * Interactions between members of various McLean families and aboriginal people in the earliest years of white settlement.
    * Donald McLean tussled with Governor Gray about payment of rent of land that was designated as an 'aboriginal reserve' but may have never been used as such.
    * (E54 - Updated July 2022)

    020 - Tour of Fort William, Ardgour, Blaich & Duisky
    020 - Tour of Fort William, Ardgour, Blaich & Duisky
    Take a tour around Donald's Scotland. Experience a virtual visit now. Or plan your trip to the highlands next year.
    (E40 - Updated February 2023)

    Memorabilia
    McLean family bible
    McLean family bible
    This was purchased by Donald, brought to SA and handed down until loaned to Harold Stowe who died before documenting the loan. In care of Strathalbyn Musuem in 2017
    Scottish Gaelic Bible of Donald McLean. Written inside cover:-'Bought and paid 17 Mar 1835'. Offered on loan to Harold Stowe who died without recording the loan from Maplemore Ben Mclean and family.
    Scottish Gaelic Bible of Donald McLean. Written inside cover:-"Bought and paid 17 Mar 1835". Offered on loan to Harold Stowe who died without recording the loan from Maplemore Ben Mclean and family.

  • Sources 
    1. [S-3] PUBLICATION BRB 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995 copies available, Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. , 13.
      Donald signed his name variously as - McLane - MacLean - McLean - McC|ean.)

    2. [S-87] BDM Scotlands People requires own login , https://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/view-image/nrs_opr_records/3716788?image=40 (Reliability: 1), 10 Feb 2017 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
      BIRTHS: Donald Son to Allan McLean and Rachel Rankon (NB**spelling overwrite the "O") in Blaich 28 Sep 1779
      Accurate content of OPR as an image. Also shows birth of Donald to a Ewen McDonald and an Anne Mclean in Blaich Ardgour 24th July....is this Anne related? or not. Public notice to be careful of misdirection if not further researched for evidence

    3. [S-52] http://ancestry.com.au, ancestrylibrary.com/sgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecords=1&r=554, 30 Jun 2017 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
      Scotland, births and baptisms, 1564-1950. Born Donald Mclean gender male birth date 26 Sep 1779 birth place Kilmallie Argyll Scotland, father Allan mclean mother Rachel Ranken. FHL Film Number 1041070
      Citing this Record - Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XY8P-HP8 : 8 December 2014), Allan Mclean, 09 Jun 1746; citing, reference ; FHL microfilm 1041009.


    4. [S-121] Family Search.org -------C & D McLean, https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:M926-KWG, 26 Jan 2018 Researcher Lorna McLean.
      Donald McLean Christening 20 September 1779
      Blaich, Kilmallie, Argyll, Sctl PARENTS:Father
      Allan McLean Mother Rachel Rankin [Patron Submissions]
      CITING THIS RECORD The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "International Genealogical Index (IGI)," database, FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:M926-KWG : accessed 2018-01-26) entry for Donald McLean.Film Number 537490

    5. [S-3] PUBLICATION BRB 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995 copies available, Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. .

    6. [S-13] REGISTER Burials & Cremations - Alexandrina Council SA, Family History Group at Library.
      Originally buried in 'the old pioneers cemetery' (photo provided, Alexandrina Council state that in 1859 all were interred to the current Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery SA. (headstone photo provided, and public notices of newspaper-Southern Argus)

    7. [S-13] REGISTER Burials & Cremations - Alexandrina Council SA, Family History Group at Library.
      Interred to the current Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery SA in 1859 by state council. (headstone photo provided, and public notices of newspaper-Southern Argus)

    8. [S-137] FS Mark Brabant-no evidence provided-pending evidence, https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-1/myheritage-family-trees?s=213746781&formId=trees&formMode=&action=query&exactSearch=1&useTranslation=1&qname=Name+fn.allan%2F3+ln.mclean+fnmo.1+lnmo.3&qbirth=Event+et.birth+ey.1746+me.true&qany%2F1event=Event+et.any+me.true+ep.argyll%2C%2F3scotland&csrf_token=602309551.1547884220.d39f0f8ca75ca83a6cb4796f09854518&rlmode=2&initialFormIds=master, 30 Jan 2019 Researcher Lorna McLean.
      Allan McLean MyHeritage Family Trees
      McLean Web Site, managed by Warren McLean
      Birth: June 9 1746 - Blaich, Argyll, Scotland, Great Britain Parents:Hugh Mclean, Christine Mclean (born Mcvicar) Sister:Florence Mclean Wife:Rachel Mclean (born Ranken) Son:Donald Mclean