...do YOUR families link back to first South Australian wheat growers?
 Christina and Donald McLEAN from Scotland 1837



Donald b1779 MCLEAN

Donald b1779 MCLEAN

Male 1779 - 1855  (76 years)

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  • Name Donald b1779 MCLEAN  [1
    • Donald signed his name variously as - McLane - MacLean - McLean - McClean and Mac (ref p13 BRB)
    Born 26 Sep 1779  Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
    • Edwin MacLean in 2016 stated Donald was born in Fort William. This had long been surmised: evidence pending.
    • Scotland, births and baptisms, 1564-1950. Born Allan Mclean gender male birth date 26 Sep 1779 birth place kilmallie argyll scotland, father Allan mclean mother Rachel Ranken. FHL Film Number 1041070.
    Gender Male 
    Biography Notes 'Mr McLean ... was one of the first men to grow wheat on the (Strathalbyn) plains. He had some grain ground at Mr Ridley's so-called flourmill while I was at work there. We began to upbraid him for his foolhardiness in taking up land so far away in the unknown wilderness, where he would suffer much privation and - if he escaped being eaten alive by savage beasts or savager men - would probably starve to death. He began to dance a Scotch reel, but not to the sound of the bagpipes but to song and words of his own making. As far as I could make out he was crooning, "I'll nae starve, plenty cows, plenty milk, plenty butter, plenty hens, plenty eggs, plenty pigs, I'll nae starve. And so on through another long list of eatables. He had a jolly day and was not disposed to look at the dangers of the expedition. It was more than probable that whisky had something to do with the elevation, for in after-life he was a slave to it." (Source: Memoirs of John Dunn who knew Donald personally - 'A Miller's Tale' was edited by Anthony Stuart in 1991).
     
    Biography Notes Strathalbyn SA  26th April 1869 Find all individuals with events at this location 
    SALE OF DONALD'S PROPERTIES
    * "Land Sale at Strathalbyn - Mr Close held a sale of land at the Terminus Hotel, Strathalbyn, on Monday, by instruction of the executors of the late Mrs McLean, when a fine section lying between the tramway terminus and the cemetery was bought by Mr R Hooper, whose land it adjoined, at 8/2/6 per acre. A paddock adjoining the Murray Road was bought by Mr Archibald McLean at a little over 6 per acre, and a two-acre block near the brewery, foundry and gasworks was purchased by Mr Allan McLean for 145." (South Australian Register, 30th April 1869, p2)
    * "The sale of land under the will of the late Mr D. McLean, advertised to take place at the Terminus Hotel, was held by Mr James Close on Monday last, when there was a very good attendance, and the bidding was spirited. The 84 acres, being Section 2602, lying between the Limestone Hill and Mr Hooper's property, was knocked down to Mr Richard Hooper at 8 2s 6d per acre. The 40 acres (more or less), being portion of Section 2603, and having a frontage to the river, was sold to Mr Archibald McLean at 6. 0s 6d per acre. Mr Allan McLean was the purchaser of the two acres of Section 2612, on Cheriton road, at the south-east corner of the town, the price being 141." (Southern Argus, 1st May 1969, p2)
    * Comment: This auction was held on 26th April 1869 which was just 17 days after Christina's death and 14 years after Donald's death.  
    Biography Notes Southern Argus, 7th Dec 1922, p 3
    THE FIRST WHEAT
    Controversy has furiously raged about the claims of the first wheat crop in South Australia, and a vast amount of research work has been put in to establish various claims. So far as we know, there has never been a satisfactory claim to this honor, since a confusion of dates and localities and hazy memories has usually led up to the proverbial Scotchman's 'doots.' We give another claim in which, we understand, dates and family records have been checked and counter-checked and every thing possibly done to establish beyond doubt a genuine claim to the first wheat grower in this State. The particulars which have been supplied to us by a well-known resident of Murrayville ? a relative of the late D McLean, are as follows: ? The very first wheat grown in SA, without a shadow of doubt, was grown by the late Donald McLean in 1838. Mr McLean, who was a relative of the late Hon. Allan McLean, a former Premier of Victoria, hailed from Argyleshire, and left Gravesend with his wife and family of ten on August 6, 1837, landing by the "Navarino" at Holdfast Bay on December 6. At that time there were no houses in Adelaide, and the Governor was living in a reed hut on the banks of the River Torrens. Equipped with a fair amount of capital he quickly sized up the conditions, and sent two sons to Tasmania, who were then 22 and 24 years of age, providing them with 300 to purchase seed wheat, which, at that time, was only procurable in Van Dieman's Land, two teams of bullocks, horses and drays and other necessaries ? which by the way, included a cat for his wife.
    A land order entitled Mr McLean to select land, but as the surveying had not been done, it was necessary to wait till June 6, 1838, the date of the ' first land meeting in SA for selecting blocks around Adelaide. Thirty applicants attended, and Mr. McLean selected section No. 50, one and a half miles from the GPO, now known as the suburb of Marleston; better known as Hilton. The two eldest sons, Allan and John, started cultivating operations at once with a plough brought from the old country. Twenty acres of cleared land was fenced and put in seed, a good crop being hand reaped towards the end of 1838. The records in the Government office substantiate the claim that no wheat was grown in SA, before 1838, but the first was the 20 acres by Mr. McLean. In 1839 120 acres were cultivated, and 816 acres in 1840. It is also recorded in the Government office that Mr McLean was granted this land on June 6, 1838. It is believed that the first wheat was ground into meal and eaten after the manner of oaten cake or bannocks, which was a common Scotch fare in those days. A few years ago, a Mr Calaly, of Mount Barker, an old pioneer, claimed to have eaten bread made from the first wheat grown by the McLean, and a Mr W. Greig, a shipmate of the McLean's, testified that he saw the wheat put in and that no other wheat was grown in SA in that year. The remains of the homestead still stand near Hilton. The land was sold later to Mr. John Marle's father. Further evidence was given by a very early pioneer who held land near the McLean's, in which it is recorded in a book, that Mr. McLean was the first wheat grower in the State. Later on, Mr McLean purchased a large area of land at Strathlbyn adjoining the township, and other blocks along the Angas and Bremmer Rivers. The old homestead of Mr. McLean was situated close to Strathalbyn, a solid two-storey house which still stands.

     
    Biography Notes 3 Aug 1837  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Donald and whole family emmigrated from Scotland, departure on "Navarino" at London to South Australia arriving on 9 Dec 1837. Arrival location initially named Holdfast Bay (due to sticky mud to pass through) later renamed Glenelg. Ewen/Hugh, the youngest child at the time was in his second year born 1836 back 'home'. 
    Biography Notes 1841  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The third family to purchase blocks in Strathalbyn district to the Rankine and Dawson families. Built a stone building on Section 2603 near the banks of the Angas River.  
    Residence 1842  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The family moved from Adelaide's suburb of Marleston (previously named Hilton) to establish their new home and outbuildings named 'Auchananda's'. It was built on the river's edge of the Angas River which winds through Strathalbyn SA. It is a short walk, south-west of the Strathalbyn township.
    2020 Today: The original house has been demolished however the outbuilding that was referred to as a barn, has now been restored as a residence and privately owned (inaccessible). It can be viewed from the other side of the River Angas.  
    Died 11 Oct 1855  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
    • "Died: 0n the 11th instant, at this residence, Auchananda (sic), Strathalbyn SA. Mr Donald Mclean senior aged 75 years. The deceased was an old colonist, highly respected by a numerous circle of relations and friends." - The Adelaide Observer, 13th October 1855, page 5


    Crypt-Donald McLean d.1856 & Christina (McPhee) d.1869 Strathalbyn SA
    Crypt-Donald McLean d.1856 & Christina (McPhee) d.1869 Strathalbyn SA
    Section 1 Strathalbyn Cemetery on Parker Ave. Donald originally buried in pioneer cemetery adjacent to St Andrews Presbytarian Church. Council reinterred in 1859.
    Buried Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 7
    Person ID I-1  Christina and Donald McLean
    Last Modified 9 Aug 2020 

    Father Allan b1746 MCLEAN,   b. 9 Jun 1746, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1803, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship -2532 
    Mother Rachel b.1744 RANKINE,   b. 00 Dec 1744, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1773, Ancrum Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 28 years) 
    Relationship -2532 
    Married 1765  Argyll Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    • Kaye McArdle has this information on record in her WikiTree with allan florence and mary childlren of Hugh and Christine (McVicar) Mclean.
    Family ID F-2532  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Christina b1787 MCPHEE,   b. 28 Apr 1787, Crieff Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1869, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Children of marriage * OPRs: We have found birth records (OPRs) for all the 12 children, except for Margaret.
    * Naming: There were Ann X 2, Mary X 2 & Hugh (Ewen) X 2. The first Mary & first Ann died as infants whereas the Hughs survived to adulthood and are diffentiated by being referred to as 'the elder' or 'the younger'.
    * Mother: The mother is variously recorded as Christian X 5, Christn, Christy, Catharine X 2, Mary, and Effie (or Essie). The records with Catherine, Mary & Effie are probably original clerical errors and we are confident that they are 'our' family because the birth place is specified as Duisky in each of these cases - and the father was Donald of course.
    * Place: All the births were in the parish of Kilmallie. The first 4 births are specified as Blaich and all the later births were at Duisky.
    1. Allan McLean - baptism 12th Feb 1811 in Blaich - Son to Donald McLean in Blaich & Christian McPhee in Blaich
    2. Mary McLean - baptised 24th Jan 1813 in Blaich - Baptism on 24th Jan 1813 - McLean, Mary daughter of Donald & Christn McPhee - Blaich
    3. Ewen McLean - baptized 27th January 1814 - Son of Don'd & Christian McPhee, Blaich
    4. John McLean - born 1st Feb 1816, baptized 2nd Feb 1816 - Son of Donald, Blaich & Christian McPhie his spouse
    5. Mary McLean - baptized on 5th Apr 1818 in Duisky - Baptism of daughter to Donald MacLean Duisgy and Catharine MacPhee
    6. Anne McLean - baptized 18th Feb 1820 - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky and Catharine MacPhee
    7. Archibald McLean - baptised 4th March 1821 - Son to Donald MacLean in Duisgi and Effie (or Essie?) MacPhee
    8. Ann MacLean - born 6th April 1823 in Duisky - Daughter to Donald MacLean Duisky & Mary McPhee his wife
    9. Rachel McLean - born 13th Feb 1825 in Duisky - 1825 Baptisms - Feb 13 - Rachel dau to Donald McLean in Duisky & Christian McPhee, born 6th
    10. Margaret
    11. Jane (Jeane) McLean - born 18th April 1830, baptized 16th May 1830 in Kilmallie - 1830 Baptisms May 16th, Jeane daughter to Donald McLean tenant in Duskey Ardgour & Christion McPhee, born the 18th April last
    12. Ewen McLean - born 26th May 1836 in Duisky - Ewen son of Donald McLean & Christy McPhee in Duisky
    * (This note was by Don Gordon on 12th April 2019.) 
    Children of marriage In addition to the 12 children accepted as 'our' family, some researchers have proposed 4 others:-
    * RICHARD: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [research: Which ones?], but this might not be based on the authentic record. There are no other indications of this Richard in colonial records (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). However there is a Richard listed with the family in the 1841 census for Strathalbyn (BRB p13) but this is considered to be a clerical error (check this) as it should have been Rachel. He is not mentioned in Donald's will.
    * ELIZABETH: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [Barry Leadbeater & Dianne Cummings) but this might not be based on the authentic record. It is stated that she was born in 1835 or 1836, and died in 1907. There are no other indications of this Elizabeth in colonial records. (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc). In fact there might be confusion with Elizabeth DIXON who was the second wife John McLean - she was born in England in 1835, migrated in 1858, married John in 1874, and died in Strathalbyn in 1907. She is not mentioned in Donald's will.
    * HUGH: BRB p8 "The persistent inclusion of a Donald and a Hugh McLean who arrived in 1840 by ship 'Tomatin' must be an error as the listed children the same 10, who with their emigrating parents and in the father's Will. These two may have been nephews. If they were of an earlier marriage of Donald, he had three sons named Hugh which is carrying things a bit far as to names! There is a family story that 'two sons were sent to Venezuela to look for farming possibilities' referring of course to the Donald and Hugh on the 'Tomatin' of 1840. Then not discovering anything suitable followed on to SA. Nothing further is known of them although two of the same name were at Naracoorte in the South East quite early, and the names of the families were the same as those of the Donald McLeans. They were not mentioned in Donald McLean's Will."
    * DONALD: See the quote for Hugh, above (BRB p8).
    This note was by Don Gordon on 30th July 2018. 
    Children 
     1. Allan MCLEAN,   b. 12 Feb 1811, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Sep 1890, Plympton SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)  []
     2. Mary b.1813 MCLEAN,   b. 22 Jan 1813, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  []
     3. Ewen (Hugh the elder) MCLEAN,   b. 00 Jan 1814, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 May 1876, Meningie SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)  []
     4. John MCLEAN,   b. 6 Feb 1816, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1903, Angas Plains SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)  []
     5. Mary b. 1818 MCLEAN,   b. 2 Apr 1818, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Sep 1889, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)  []
     6. Anne b.1820 MCLEAN,   b. 18 Feb 1820, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  []
     7. Archibald b1821 MCLEAN,   b. 4 Mar 1821, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jan 1899, Naracoorte SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years)  []
    +8. Ann b1823 MCLEAN,   b. 6 Apr 1823, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1910, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)  []
    +9. Rachel MCLEAN,   b. 6 Feb 1825, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Aug 1908  (Age 83 years)  []
     10. Margaret MCLEAN,   b. 1827, Argyll Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1912, Geelong Vic Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)  []
     11. Jane MCLEAN,   b. 18 Apr 1830, Duisky Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Oct 1886, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)  []
     12. Ewen (Hugh the younger) MCLEAN,   b. 26 May 1836, Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jun 1921, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)  []
    Last Modified 14 Nov 2017 14:02:13 
    Family ID F-1  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Donald McLean - ref BRB p30.jpg
    Donald McLean - ref BRB p30.jpg
    Original committee identified in 1995 in BRB. Some people since have questioned the identity of both Christina & Donald-Awaiting further evidence.

    Duisky Farm at Hilton (suburb now named Marlston) Adelaide SA Lot 50 purchased with London Land Order 454 in Adelaide SA.jpg
    Duisky Farm at Hilton (suburb now named Marlston) Adelaide SA Lot 50 purchased with London Land Order 454 in Adelaide SA.jpg
    Dwelling house of pise, stockyard etc. Described in Official Agricultural Report in South Australian Register Newspaper dated Sat 12 Jun 1841 P4. NB cellar in rear right of image as advised by John Gladwell email 01.02.2019
    0009 - Auchanada's.jpg
    0009 - Auchanada's.jpg
    The original structure of Donald Mclean of c1840's in Strathalbyn SA. Nothing remains in 2016 except the (separate) stable and loft which has been restored into a private residence. It is viewable through foliage opposite side of River Angas on the Strathalbyn Drive Tour.
    1840 Auchananda stable & loft Strathalbyn SA
    1840 Auchananda stable & loft Strathalbyn SA
    This is Donald McLean's stable and loft. Originally built near his Strathalbyn home, "Auchanada" in the 1840s. Nothing remains of the original home in 2016. This is a restored structure by private owners of the stable and loft and can still be seen though now resembling a private residence on the banks of the Angas River in Strathalbyn Town Tour.
    Mountain Hut - from BRB p33. See Small Print story: 31 - Research notes - Highway robbery of Donald by Robert Spearman in 1848
    Mountain Hut - from BRB p33. See Small Print story: 31 - Research notes - Highway robbery of Donald by Robert Spearman in 1848
    0271 - Site of the Sheep Stealer Camp.jpg
    0271 - Site of the Sheep Stealer Camp.jpg
    0449 - Lake View - after 1920.jpg
    0449 - Lake View - after 1920.jpg
    Scottish Gaelic Bible of Donald McLean. Written inside cover:-'Bought and paid 17 Mar 1835'. Offered on loan to Harold Stowe who died without recording the loan from Maplemore Ben Mclean and family .
    Scottish Gaelic Bible of Donald McLean. Written inside cover:-"Bought and paid 17 Mar 1835". Offered on loan to Harold Stowe who died without recording the loan from Maplemore Ben Mclean and family .
    Original Strathalbyn home on Angas River 1849 after moving from Hilton, Adelaide SA (Date:1849 sourced from Strathalbyn History Room 21 Feb 2019 Researcher Lorna McLean)
    Original Strathalbyn home on Angas River 1849 after moving from Hilton, Adelaide SA (Date:1849 sourced from Strathalbyn History Room 21 Feb 2019 Researcher Lorna McLean)
    Donald Henry, eldest grandson of Christina (nee McPhee) and Donald McLean
    Donald Henry, eldest grandson of Christina (nee McPhee) and Donald McLean

    1849 built "Auchananda Farmhouse (originally Langhorne Creek road) on River Angas Strathalbyn SA. Built by Donald McLean and family as farmhouse. This was distributed in Donalds will.
    Duart Castle - from BRB p23.jpg
    Duart Castle - from BRB p23.jpg
    Duart Castle overlooks the Sound on East of Mull,second largest island of Inner Hebrides, after Skye, in the council area of Argyll and Bute. 14th Century Mull became part of the Lordship of the Isles. 1493 the Clan Mclean took over and in 1681 Clan Campbell. Duart was restored and modernised more than 60 years by Sir Fitzroy MacLean of Duart who lived to be a centenarian and the chief's flag flies when his grandson, Lord MacLean is at home. (source BRB, p 20)(wikipaedia...1493..."ljm)
    Clan McLean's Ardgour Castle - Argyll Scotland
    Clan McLean's Ardgour Castle - Argyll Scotland

    McLean family bible purchased by Donald, brought to SA and handed down until loaned to Harole Stowe who died before documenting the loan. In care of Strathalbyn Musuem in 2017

    Auchananda's with two chimneys and surrounding buildings

    Headstones

    HS MCLEAN family crypt at Strathalbyn Cemetery, section 1 - from BRB 034.jpg READS:"Sacred to the memory of Donald McLean who died October the 10th 1856 aged 84 years also Christina, his wife who died April 9th 1869 aged 78 years Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord."

    HS GRAVE Donald McLean d.1855. Council reinterred pioneers to Parker Avenue Cemetery in 1859 Believed to be originally buried in "Strathalbyn Old Pioneer Cemetery" "adjacent to the church" [assume St Andrews Presbyterian). The Council relocated the Pioneer Cemetery in 1854 to Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery. Later consideration is Donald was buried on his family plot as requested in his will. TBA

    HS GRAVE MCLEAN Donald and Chrisitna nee McPhee section 1.jpg d1859 "Strathalbyn Old Pioneer Cemetery" was relocated by council to Parker Avenue Cemetery. Few records remained of those interred in Old Pioneer Cemetery. Donald deceased 1855 was reinterred to Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery with wife Christina deceased 1869.
    Plot: Section 1
    ENTRANCE-PIONEER CEMETERY 1837-1854 Strathalbyn. Council reinterred all pioneer remains to Parker Avenue Cemetery Strathalbyn
    ENTRANCE-PIONEER CEMETERY 1837-1854 Strathalbyn. Council reinterred all pioneer remains to Parker Avenue Cemetery Strathalbyn

    Documents
    BDM OPR KILMALLIE BIRTH Allen McLean 1811 Feb 12-parents Donald and Christina
    BDM OPR KILMALLIE BIRTH Allen McLean 1811 Feb 12-parents Donald and Christina
    Seemingly the parish priest did 3 baptisms on 5th Feb and then Allen on 12th and not documented until AFTER the next baptism: where it was recalled that Allens record had not been entered. Hence it is squashed in between (though legible) in date order between the other baptisms.

    One could almost see him resting in bed and settled down when he realises that Allens baptism had not been entered and the parish priest leapt out of bed/rest to scrawl in the entry with--in fact all the detail. Just as he had done just seven days prior with yet another child.

    LAND ORDER 1836 Page 1 of 2 lot 454 Original document newly photographed by Lorna McLean at State Records SA April 2016. Second page template has no written entries. London, 26th July 1837, Robert Torrens signed as the Colonisation Commissioner for SA. In 2017 Robert Torrens Land Title System had been in continual use.
    Notes about the Donald McLean in early Strathalbyn days - by John Dunn
    Notes about the Donald McLean in early Strathalbyn days - by John Dunn
    'A Miller's Tale - the memoirs of John Dunn of Mount Barker' - edited by Anthony Stuart, published by Waterwheel Books in 1991, ISBN 0646032690. Previously published in the Mount Barker Courier in 18 installments between 12 November 1886 and 4 February 1887, one on 22 April 1887 and between 29 July and 19 August 1887. John Dunn lived not far from Strathalbyn when Donald McLean was living there. John knew Donald personally - in 1842, John was 40 years old and Donald was about 65 years old.
    Donald McLean's farm in Hilton - crops, water, fencing & building
    Donald McLean's farm in Hilton - crops, water, fencing & building
    Official returns of the country sections cultivated - District A or Adelaide District - June 1841
    FIRST WHEAT GROWER-grandsons story-TROVE.pdf
    FIRST WHEAT GROWER-grandsons story-TROVE.pdf
    Newspaper-States First Wheat Grower-1923-TROVE

    LAND ORDER 1836 P2 of 2 LAND ORDER 454 Hilton Adelaide South Australia
    Donald McLean's will, codicils & probate
    Donald McLean's will, codicils & probate
    For more detail, look below at another 'Wills' document -'Donald McLean's Will - transcription and notes'

    LAND GRANT 1839 Donald McLean - land grant for 80 acres - country section 50 - 7th March 1839

    PLAQUE 1997 in Marleston - corner of South Road & Richmond Road "In memory of Donald and Christina McLean and family who grew the first wheat crop in South Australia. They planted 20 acres on block 50 at Hilton now Marleston in 1838. Early in the 1840s they took up land in the Strathalbyn district. Erected by Strathalbyn National Trust 1997

    MAP - Lochaber SCOTLAND land shaded
    Donald McLean - birth 26th Sept 1779, Blaich, Kilmallie
    Donald McLean - birth 26th Sept 1779, Blaich, Kilmallie
    Father: Allan McLean
    Mother: Rachel Ranken
    Manifest of the Navarino in 1837
    Manifest of the Navarino in 1837
    * Page 12: Navarino, arrived Dec 6, 1837 - list of company's passengers of Navarino.
    * Page 13: South Australian Company - list of passengers of Navarino, Capt C.A. Warming - from London - Name Henry Woolman, age 42, Occupation sail maker, Wife's name Margaret, Names & ages of children Daniel 12, Peter 4, Stephen 2, Hannah 10 - Edmund J Wheeler?? manager - stamp Public Library Museum & Art Gallery of South Australia
    * Page 77: Manifest of the Navarino 364 tons C.A. Warming master - 9 caskets nails, John Russel, D McLean esqu, 3 caskets hardware, 1 plough, 1 box - passengers 69 men, 72 women, 27 boys, 29 girls, total 197 less 10 deaths, 187 total.
    OPR BIRTH MCLEAN Donald 26th September 1779 Blaich.
    OPR BIRTH MCLEAN Donald 26th September 1779 Blaich.
    OPR BIRTH MCLEAN Donald 26 Sept 1779 Blaich son to Allan Mclean and Rachel Ranken in Blaich Lochaber.

    WILL 1846-1855 Donald signed his Will in 1846 and subsequently made six codicils before he died in 1855. It was a complex Will for his wife and many children involving numerous properties.
    This document has images and transcriptions of the Will, codicils and probate. There is a listing of what each beneficiary was to receive and notes about all these.
    (By Don Gordon - updated in April 2020)

    Small Print
    G60 - The first wheat crop in South Australia - 1838
    G60 - The first wheat crop in South Australia - 1838
    These notes describe how Donald and his sons grew 20 acres of wheat at this Hilton property in 1838. There was public argument about whether or not this was the first wheat crop.
    (Updated June 2020)
    E52 - Donald's 80 acre farm in Hilton, near Adelaide - country section 50 - 1838 to 1855
    E52 - Donald's 80 acre farm in Hilton, near Adelaide - country section 50 - 1838 to 1855
    The McLeans grew the colony's first wheat crop and built a house on what is now the suburb of Marleston.
    (Updated June 2020)
    E51 - Donald's property in the CBD of Adelaide - half acre 57 in Hindley Street
    E51 - Donald's property in the CBD of Adelaide - half acre 57 in Hindley Street
    What did Donald and his family do with the property which is now Kaurna Gallery in Adelaide?
    (Updated June 2020)
    G55 - Donald's life around Adelaide - 1838 to 1842
    G55 - Donald's life around Adelaide - 1838 to 1842
    The McLean family arrived in the earliest days of the colony. Donald purchased a property in the new Adelaide township. He took up an 80 acre farm where he grew the first substantial wheat crop and built a house. They were there for three or four years as the colony was rapidly growing around them. They moved to Strathalbyn in 1842.
    (Updated June 2020)
    G85 - Highway robbery of Donald by Robert Spearman in 1848
    G85 - Highway robbery of Donald by Robert Spearman in 1848
    In 1848, Donald was robbed of 76 pounds on his way back from Adelaide to his home in Strathalbyn. Robert Spearman, the innkeeper of the Mountain Hut, was convicted (but maybe he wasn't really guilty) and was sentenced to 15 years in Van Dieman's Land - but he escaped straight away. This document details the court proceedings and some stories about Spearman's adventures after he escaped. All this material would make a terrific play or novel.
    (Updated March 2019)
    G20 - Overview of Donald's life - 1779 to 1855
    G20 - Overview of Donald's life - 1779 to 1855
    Donald McLean and Christina, nee McPhee lived in the Western Highlands of Scotland for five decades before migrating to the new colony in South Australia with ten children in 1837. For a few years, they farmed near Adelaide where they grew the first wheat crop in the colony. Then they were pioneers in the Strathalbyn district. (Updated March 2019)

    Stories
    5002 - Donald McLEAN & Christina McPhee
    5002 - Donald McLEAN & Christina McPhee
    Biography as published in the BRB in 1995.
    5002.5 - Highway robbery - 'Oh, how the wind blows'
    5002.5 - Highway robbery - 'Oh, how the wind blows'
    Donald McLean was held up by Robert Spearman near the Mountain Hut in 1848. He was robbed at gunpoint for 76 pounds. But was Spearman really guilty? (G85.5 - Updated 19th March 2019)
    5002.1 - Aboriginal reserve in Strathalbyn
    5002.1 - Aboriginal reserve in Strathalbyn
    * Donald's tussle with Governor Gray about payment of rent. * Why was this land never used as an aboriginal reserve? (E54 - Updated 26th March 2019)
    G92 - How wealthy was Donald?
    G92 - How wealthy was Donald?
    Donald arrived in South Australia with considerable assets and he greatly added to this by acquiring many properties in the new colony.


  • Sources 
    1. [S-3] FS BRB - 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995, The BRB has a good index for each individual. Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. , 13.
      Donald signed his name variously as - McLane - MacLean - McLean - McC|ean.)

    2. [S-87] BDM SCOTLANDS PEOPLE requires own log in, https://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/view-image/nrs_opr_records/3716788?image=40 (Reliability: 1), 10 Feb 2017 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
      BIRTHS: Donald Son to Allan McLean and Rachel Rankon (NB**spelling overwrite the "O") in Blaich 28 Sep 1779
      Accurate content of OPR as an image. Also shows birth of Donald to a Ewen McDonald and an Anne Mclean in Blaich Ardgour 24th July....is this Anne related? or not. Public notice to be careful of misdirection if not further researched for evidence

    3. [S-52] http://ancestry.com.au, ancestrylibrary.com/sgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecords=1&r=554, 30 Jun 2017 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
      Scotland, births and baptisms, 1564-1950. Born Donald Mclean gender male birth date 26 Sep 1779 birth place Kilmallie Argyll Scotland, father Allan mclean mother Rachel Ranken. FHL Film Number 1041070
      Citing this Record - Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XY8P-HP8 : 8 December 2014), Allan Mclean, 09 Jun 1746; citing, reference ; FHL microfilm 1041009.


    4. [S-121] Family Search.org -------C & D McLean, https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:M926-KWG, 26 Jan 2018 Researcher Lorna McLean.
      Donald McLean Christening 20 September 1779
      Blaich, Kilmallie, Argyll, Sctl PARENTS:Father
      Allan McLean Mother Rachel Rankin [Patron Submissions]
      CITING THIS RECORD The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "International Genealogical Index (IGI)," database, FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:M926-KWG : accessed 2018-01-26) entry for Donald McLean.Film Number 537490

    5. [S-3] FS BRB - 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995, The BRB has a good index for each individual. Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. .

    6. [S-13] REGISTER Burials & Cremations - Alexandrina Council SA, Family History Group at Library.
      Originally buried in 'the old pioneers cemetery' (photo provided, Alexandrina Council state that in 1859 all were interred to the current Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery SA. (headstone photo provided, and public notices of newspaper-Southern Argus)

    7. [S-13] REGISTER Burials & Cremations - Alexandrina Council SA, Family History Group at Library.
      Interred to the current Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery SA in 1859 by state council. (headstone photo provided, and public notices of newspaper-Southern Argus)

    8. [S-137] My Heritage Mark Brabant, https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-1/myheritage-family-trees?s=213746781&formId=trees&formMode=&action=query&exactSearch=1&useTranslation=1&qname=Name+fn.allan%2F3+ln.mclean+fnmo.1+lnmo.3&qbirth=Event+et.birth+ey.1746+me.true&qany%2F1event=Event+et.any+me.true+ep.argyll%2C%2F3scotland&csrf_token=602309551.1547884220.d39f0f8ca75ca83a6cb4796f09854518&rlmode=2&initialFormIds=master, 30 Jan 2019 Researcher Lorna McLean.
      Allan McLean MyHeritage Family Trees
      McLean Web Site, managed by Warren McLean
      Birth: June 9 1746 - Blaich, Argyll, Scotland, Great Britain Parents:Hugh Mclean, Christine Mclean (born Mcvicar) Sister:Florence Mclean Wife:Rachel Mclean (born Ranken) Son:Donald Mclean