...do YOUR families link back to first South Australian wheat growers?
 Christina and Donald McLEAN from Scotland 1837



Donald MCLEAN

Donald MCLEAN

Male 1779 - 1855  (76 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Donald MCLEAN  [1
    • Donald signed his name variously as - McLane - MacLean - McLean - McClean and Mac (ref p13 BRB)
    Born 26 Sep 1779  Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    • Edwin MacLean in 2016 stated Donald was born in Fort William. This had long been surmised: evidence pending.
    • Scotland, births and baptisms, 1564-1950. Born Allan Mclean gender male birth date 26 Sep 1779 birth place kilmallie argyll scotland, father Allan mclean mother Rachel Ranken. FHL Film Number 1041070
    Gender Male 
    Biography Notes 'Mr McLean ... was one of the first men to grow wheat on the (Strathalbyn) plains. He had some grain ground at Mr Ridley's so-called flourmill while I was at work there. We began to upbraid him for his foolhardiness in taking up land so far away in the unknown wilderness, where he would suffer much privation and - if he escaped being eaten alive by savage beasts or savager men - would probably starve to death. He began to dance a Scotch reel, but not to the sound of the bagpipes but to song and words of his own making. As far as I could make out he was crooning, "I'll nae starve, plenty cows, plenty milk, plenty butter, plenty hens, plenty eggs, plenty pigs, I'll nae starve. And so on through another long list of eatables. He had a jolly day and was not disposed to look at the dangers of the expedition. It was more than probable that whisky had something to do with the elevation, for in after-1ife he was a slave to it." (Source: Memoirs of John Dunn who knew Donald personally - 'A Miller's Tale' was edited by Anthony Stuart in 1991).
     
    Residence 1837  Adelaide SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Donald McLean's house named 'Duisky' after a Scottish village - lot 50, Marleston (nee Hilton) approx a days horse ride from Adelaide SA 
    Biography Notes 3 Aug 1837  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Donald and whole family emmigrated from Scotland, departure on "Navarino" at London to South Australia arriving on 9 Dec 1837. Arrival location initially named Holdfast Bay (due to sticky mud to pass through) later renamed Glenelg. Ewen/Hugh, the youngest child at the time was in his second year born 1836 back 'home'. 
    Residence 1840  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Expanding from Adelaide's suburb of Marlston (previously named Hilton) Donalds family's new home and outbuildings named "Ardnamurchan" built on the east rivers edge of the Angas River travelling through Strathalbyn SA.
    2016 Today: Original home not there, though the outbuilding is often referred to as 'once a barn or the like' Now privately owned and restored (inaccessible) though viewable from the west side of the River Angas a short walk to the south side of Strathalbyn township. 
    Biography Notes 1841  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The third family to purchase blocks in Strathalbyn district to the Rankine and Dawson families. Built a stone building on Section 2603 near the banks of the Angas River.  
    Died 11 Oct 1855  Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    • "Died: 0n the 11th instant, at this residence, Auchananda (sic), Strathalbyn SA. Mr Donald Mclean senior aged 75 years. The deceased was an old colonist, highly respected by a numerous circle of relations and friends." - The Adelaide Observer, 13th October 1855, page 5


    Crypt-Donald McLean d.1856 & Christina (McPhee) d.1869 Strathalbyn SA
    Crypt-Donald McLean d.1856 & Christina (McPhee) d.1869 Strathalbyn SA
    Section 1 Strathalbyn Cemetery on Parker Ave. Donald originally buried in pioneer cemetery adjacent to St Andrews Presbytarian Church. Council reinterred in 1859.
    Buried Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 8
    Person ID I-1  Christina and Donald McLean
    Last Modified 1 Sep 2018 

    Father Allan MCLEAN,   b. 9 Jun 1746, Argyll Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship -2532 
    Mother Rachel RANKINE,   b. 1751, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship -2532 
    Family ID F-2532  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Christina MCPHEE,   b. 28 Apr 1787, Crieff Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1869, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Children of marriage We are confident that there were 11 children - 2 X Hugh, 2 X Mary, Allan, John, Archibald, Ann, Rachel, Margaret & Jane.
    However, some researchers have proposed 4 others:-
    * RICHARD: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [research: Which ones?], but this might not be based on the authentic record. There are no other indications of this Richard in colonial records (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc).
    * ELIZABETH: This name appears on some 'Navarino' passenger lists [research: Leadbeater & Cummings) but this might not be based on the authentic record. It is stated that she was born in 1835 or 1836, and died in 1907. There are no other indications of this Elizabeth in colonial records. (eg marriage, children, death, or Trove etc).
    * HUGH: BRB p8 "The persistent inclusion of a Donald and a Hugh McLean who arrived in 1840 by ship 'Tomatin' must be an error as the listed children the same 10, who with their emigrating parents and in the father's Will. These two may have been nephews. If they were of an earlier marriage of Donald, he had three sons named Hugh which is carrying things a bit far as to names! There is a family story that 'two sons were sent to Venezuela to look for farming possibilities' referring of course to the Donald and Hugh on the 'Tomatin' of 1840. Then not discovering anything suitable followed on to SA. Nothing further is known of them although two of the same name were at Naracoorte in the South East quite early, and the names of the families were the same as those of the Donald McLeans. They were not mentioned in Donald McLean's Will."
    * DONALD: See the quote for Hugh, above (BRB p8).
    This note was by Don Gordon on 30th July 2018. 
    Children 
     1. Allan MCLEAN,   b. 12 Feb 1811, Blaich Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Sep 1890, Plympton SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)  []
     2. Mary b.1813 MCLEAN,   b. 22 Jan 1813, Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  []
     3. Ewen b.1814 MCLEAN,   b. 20 Feb 1814, Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 May 1876, Meningie SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)  []
     4. John MCLEAN,   b. 6 Feb 1816, Argyll Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1903, Angas Plains SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)  []
     5. Mary b. 1818 MCLEAN,   b. 2 Apr 1818,   d. 22 Sep 1889, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)  []
     6. Anne b.1820 MCLEAN,   b. 18 Feb 1820  []
     7. Archibald b.1821 MCLEAN,   b. 4 Mar 1821, Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jan 1899, Naracoorte SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years)  []
    +8. Ann b. 1823 MCLEAN,   b. 6 Apr 1823, Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1910, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)  []
    +9. Rachel MCLEAN,   b. 13 Feb 1825, Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Aug 1908  (Age 83 years)  []
     10. Margaret MCLEAN,   b. 1827, Argyll Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1912, Geelong Vic Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)  []
     11. Jane MCLEAN,   b. 16 Aug 1830, Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Oct 1886, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)  []
     12. Ewen (Hugh the younger) MCLEAN,   b. 26 May 1836, Kilmallie Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jun 1921, Strathalbyn SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)  []
    Last Modified 14 Nov 2017 14:02:13 
    Family ID F-1  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Donald McLean - ref BRB p30.jpg
    Donald McLean - ref BRB p30.jpg
    Original committee identified in 1995 in BRB. Some people since have questioned the identity of both Christina & Donald-Awaiting further evidence.

    Duisky Farm Adelaide SA Lot 50 purchased with London Land Order 454 in Adelaide.jpg
    Duisky Farm Adelaide SA Lot 50 purchased with London Land Order 454 in Adelaide.jpg
    Dwelling house of pise, stockyard etc. Described in Official Agricultural Report in South Australian Register Newspaper dated Sat 12 Jun 1841 P4
    0009 - Auchanada's.jpg
    0009 - Auchanada's.jpg
    The original structure of Donald Mclean of c1840's in Strathalbyn SA. Nothing remains in 2016 except the (separate) stable and loft which has been restored into a private residence. It is viewable through foliage opposite side of River Angas on the Strathalbyn Drive Tour.
    1840 Auchandada stable & loft Strathalbyn SA
    1840 Auchandada stable & loft Strathalbyn SA
    This is Donald McLean's stable and loft. Originally built near his Strathalbyn home, "Auchanada" in the 1840s. Nothing remains of the original home in 2016. This is a restored structure by private owners of the stable and loft and can still be seen though now resembling a private residence on the banks of the Angas River in Strathalbyn Town Tour.
    Mountain Hut - from BRB p33. See Small Print story: 31 - Research notes - Highway robbery of Donald by Robert Spearman in 1848
    Mountain Hut - from BRB p33. See Small Print story: 31 - Research notes - Highway robbery of Donald by Robert Spearman in 1848
    0271 - Site of the Sheep Stealer Camp.jpg
    0271 - Site of the Sheep Stealer Camp.jpg
    0449 - Lake View - after 1920.jpg
    0449 - Lake View - after 1920.jpg
    Scottish Gaelic Bible of Donald McLean. Written inside cover:-'Bought and paid 17 Mar 1835'. Offered on loan to Harold Stowe who died without recording the loan from Maplemore Ben Mclean and family .
    Scottish Gaelic Bible of Donald McLean. Written inside cover:-"Bought and paid 17 Mar 1835". Offered on loan to Harold Stowe who died without recording the loan from Maplemore Ben Mclean and family .
    Original Strathalbyn home on Angas River c1865 after moving from Hilton, Adelaide SA
    Original Strathalbyn home on Angas River c1865 after moving from Hilton, Adelaide SA
    Donald Henry, eldest grandson of Christina (nee McPhee) and Donald McLean
    Donald Henry, eldest grandson of Christina (nee McPhee) and Donald McLean

    1840s built "Ardnamurchan" Farmhouse (Lot2605) on River Angas Strathalbyn SA. Built by Donald McLean and family as farmhouse. This Lot 2605 was distributed in Donalds will.
    Duart Castle - from BRB p23.jpg
    Duart Castle - from BRB p23.jpg
    Duart Castle overlooks the Sound on East of Mull,second largest island of Inner Hebrides, after Skye, in the council area of Argyll and Bute. 14th Century Mull became part of the Lordship of the Isles. 1493 the Clan Mclean took over and in 1681 Clan Campbell. Duart was restored and modernised more than 60 years by Sir Fitzroy MacLean of Duart who lived to be a centenarian and the chief's flag flies when his grandson, Lord MacLean is at home. (source BRB, p 20)(wikipaedia...1493..."ljm)
    Clan McLean's Ardgour Castle - Argyll Scotland
    Clan McLean's Ardgour Castle - Argyll Scotland

    McLean family bible purchased by Donald, brought to SA and handed down until loaned to Harole Stowe who died before documenting the loan. In care of Strathalbyn Musuem in 2017

    Lochaber SCOTLAND land shaded

    ARDNAMURCHAN with two chimneys and surrounding buildings

    Documents
    BDM OPR KILMALLIE BIRTH Allen McLean 1811 Feb 12-parents Donald and Christina
    BDM OPR KILMALLIE BIRTH Allen McLean 1811 Feb 12-parents Donald and Christina
    Seemingly the parish priest did 3 baptisms on 5th Feb and then Allen on 12th and not documented until AFTER the next baptism: where it was recalled that Allens record had not been entered. Hence it is squashed in between (though legible) in date order between the other baptisms.

    One could almost see him resting in bed and settled down when he realises that Allens baptism had not been entered and the parish priest leapt out of bed/rest to scrawl in the entry with--in fact all the detail. Just as he had done just seven days prior with yet another child.
    Donald McLean's properties - list 1.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties - list 1.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties - list 4.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties - list 4.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties - list 3.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties - list 3.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties - list 2.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties - list 2.pdf
    Page 1 of 2 lot 454 1836.jpg
    Page 1 of 2 lot 454 1836.jpg
    Original document newly photographed by Lorna McLean at State Records SA April 2016. Second page template has no written entries. London, 26th July 1837, Robert Torrens signed as the Colonisation Commissioner for SA. In 2017 Robert Torrens Land Title System had been in continual use.
    Notes about the Donald McLean in early Strathalbyn days - by John Dunn
    Notes about the Donald McLean in early Strathalbyn days - by John Dunn
    'A Miller's Tale - the memoirs of John Dunn of Mount Barker' - edited by Anthony Stuart, published by Waterwheel Books in 1991, ISBN 0646032690. Previously published in the Mount Barker Courier in 18 installments between 12 November 1886 and 4 February 1887, one on 22 April 1887 and between 29 July and 19 August 1887. John Dunn lived not far from Strathalbyn when Donald McLean was living there. John knew Donald personally - in 1842, John was 40 years old and Donald was about 65 years old.
    Donald McLean's farm in Hilton - crops, water, fencing & building
    Donald McLean's farm in Hilton - crops, water, fencing & building
    Official returns of the country sections cultivated - District A or Adelaide District - June 1841
    FIRST WHEAT GROWER-grandsons story-TROVE.pdf
    FIRST WHEAT GROWER-grandsons story-TROVE.pdf
    Newspaper-States First Wheat Grower-1923-TROVE
    P2 of 2 LAND ORDER 454 Hilton Adelaide South Australia
    P2 of 2 LAND ORDER 454 Hilton Adelaide South Australia
    Donald McLean's properties - list 5.pdf
    Donald McLean's properties - list 5.pdf
    Certificate-0031 - Donald McLean's will, codicils & probate.pdf
    Certificate-0031 - Donald McLean's will, codicils & probate.pdf
    Donald McLean - land grant for 80 acres - country section 50 - 7th March 1839
    Donald McLean - land grant for 80 acres - country section 50 - 7th March 1839
    In memory of Donald and Christina McLean who grew the first wheat crop on 20 acres on Hilton Adelaide SA property in 1838 Strathalbyn Museum Plaque
    In memory of Donald and Christina McLean who grew the first wheat crop on 20 acres on Hilton Adelaide SA property in 1838 Strathalbyn Museum Plaque
    Property title-0012 - Donald McLean's land order 454 - page 2 - 1836
    Property title-0012 - Donald McLean's land order 454 - page 2 - 1836

    Headstones
    HS MCLEAN family crypt at Strathalbyn Cemetery, section 1 - from BRB 034.jpg
    HS MCLEAN family crypt at Strathalbyn Cemetery, section 1 - from BRB 034.jpg
    READS:"Sacred to the memory of Donald McLean who died October the 10th 1856 aged 84 years also Christina, his wife who died April 9th 1869 aged 78 years Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord."
    GRAVE Donald McLean d.1855. Council reinterred pioneers to Parker Avenue Cemetery in 1859
    GRAVE Donald McLean d.1855. Council reinterred pioneers to Parker Avenue Cemetery in 1859
    Donald d.1855 originally buried in "Strathalbyn Old Pioneer Cemetery" "adjacent to the church" [assume St Andrews Presbyterian). The Council relocated the Pioneer Cemetery in 1854 to Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery.

    GRAVE MCLEAN Donald and Chrisitna nee McPhee section 1.jpg d1859 "Strathalbyn Old Pioneer Cemetery" was relocated by council to Parker Avenue Cemetery. Few records remained of those interred in Old Pioneer Cemetery. Donald deceased 1855 was reinterred to Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery with wife Christina deceased 1869.
    Plot: Section 1

    PIONEER CEMETERY 1837-1854 Strathalbyn. Council reinterred all pioneer remains to Parker Avenue Cemetery Strathalbyn

    Stories
    1995 - Donald McLEAN & Christina McPhee
    1995 - Donald McLEAN & Christina McPhee
    Biography as published in the BRB in 1995.

  • Sources 
    1. [S-3] FS BRB - 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995, The BRB has a good index for each individual. Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. , 13.
      Donald signed his name variously as - McLane - MacLean - McLean - McC|ean.)

    2. [S-18] PUBLICATION Edwin Maclean's genealogy, Person 14.
      No specific copy of or reference to any specific citation/evidence save "generally well researched" statement. Inconclusive:evidence pending.

    3. [S-87] http//:www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/, https://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/view-image/nrs_opr_records/3716788?image=40 (Reliability: 1), 10 Feb 2017 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
      BIRTHS: Donald Son to Allan McLean and Rachel Rankon (NB**spelling overwrite the "O") in Blaich 28 Sep 1779
      Accurate content of OPR as an image. Also shows birth of Donald to a Ewen McDonald and an Anne Mclean in Blaich Ardgour 24th July....is this Anne related? or not. Public notice to be careful of misdirection if not further researched for evidence

    4. [S-52] http://ancestry.com.au, ancestrylibrary.com/sgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecords=1&r=554, 30 Jun 2017 Researcher Lorna Mclean.
      Scotland, births and baptisms, 1564-1950. Born Donald Mclean gender male birth date 26 Sep 1779 birth place Kilmallie Argyll Scotland, father Allan mclean mother Rachel Ranken. FHL Film Number 1041070
      Citing this Record - Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XY8P-HP8 : 8 December 2014), Allan Mclean, 09 Jun 1746; citing, reference ; FHL microfilm 1041009.


    5. [S-121] Family Search.org -------C & D McLean, https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:M926-KWG, 26 Jan 2018 Researcher Lorna McLean.
      Donald McLean Christening 20 September 1779
      Blaich, Kilmallie, Argyll, Sctl PARENTS:Father
      Allan McLean Mother Rachel Rankin [Patron Submissions]
      CITING THIS RECORD The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "International Genealogical Index (IGI)," database, FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:M926-KWG : accessed 2018-01-26) entry for Donald McLean.Film Number 537490

    6. [S-3] FS BRB - 'Donald & Christina McLean & Their Descendants', 1995, The BRB has a good index for each individual. Copies of the BRB available Strathalbyn National Trust Museum & Library, several libraries around Australia including State Library SA, and Western Australian Genealogical Society Bayswater WA Request assistance for locating a copy through 'Contact us' on this website. .

    7. [S-13] REGISTER Burials & Cremations - Alexandrina Council SA, Family History Group at Library.
      Originally buried in 'the old pioneers cemetery' (photo provided, Alexandrina Council state that in 1859 all were interred to the current Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery SA. (headstone photo provided, and public notices of newspaper-Southern Argus)

    8. [S-13] REGISTER Burials & Cremations - Alexandrina Council SA, Family History Group at Library.
      Interred to the current Parker Avenue Strathalbyn Cemetery SA in 1859 by state council. (headstone photo provided, and public notices of newspaper-Southern Argus)